Figure 1: The locations of measurement site of UNIS (A) in Isfjorden, and UT (B) and AWI (C) in Kongsfjorden. In the middle panel, the dark gray shows the areas fully covered with land-fast sea ice and the light gray shows the areas with sea ice concentration varying between 0.2 and 0.9. In the lowest panel, the terrain height is shown with 100 m isolines.