(a) Total attenuated backscatter (TAB at 532 nm)
(b) Attenuated color ratio (ACR or c-ratio: 1064/532 nm)
(c) Depolarization ratio (DR or d-ratio) show is its sensitivity towards the vertical measurement (0–5 km) of desert dust during night
Figure 6: The vertical profile of the atmosphere using CALIPSO night-time overpass over the Europe-Mediterranean Sea and northern Africa (Sahara desert) showing the presence of dust storm and its vertical extent. The multiple parameters from CALIPSO.