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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 289284, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/289284
Review Article

Weather Support for the 2008 Olympic and Paralympic Sailing Events

1Qingdao Meteorological Bureau, 4 Fulong Shan, Shinan District, Qingdao, Shandong 266003, China
2Hangzhou Meteorological Bureau, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310008, China
3Department of Synthetic Observing, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China
4Department of Marine, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences, NC State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA

Received 17 January 2013; Revised 1 April 2013; Accepted 14 April 2013

Academic Editor: Huiwang Gao

Copyright © 2013 Yan Ma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The Beijing 2008 Olympic and Paralympic Sailing Competitions (referred to as OPSC hereafter) were held at Qingdao during August 9–23 and September 7–13 2008, respectively. The Qingdao Meteorological Bureau was the official provider of weather support for the OPSC. Three-dimensional real-time information with high spatial-temporal resolution was obtained by the comprehensive observation system during the OPSC, which included weather radars, wind profile radars, buoys, automated weather stations, and other conventional observations. The refined forecasting system based on MM5, WRF, and statistical modules provided point-specific hourly wind forecasts for the five venues, and the severe weather monitoring and forecasting system was used in short-term forecasts and nowcasts for rainstorms, gales, and hailstones. Moreover, latest forecasting products, warnings, and weather information were communicated conveniently and timely through a synthetic, speedy, and digitalized network system to different customers. Daily weather information briefings, notice boards, websites, and community short messages were the main approaches for regatta organizers, athletes, and coaches to receive weather service products at 8:00 PM of each day and whenever new updates were available. During the period of OPSC, almost one hundred people were involved in the weather service with innovative service concept, and the weather support was found to be successful and helpful to the OPSC.