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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2013, Article ID 293937, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/293937
Research Article

Projected Impacts of Bioenergy-Demand-Induced Land Use and Cover Changes on Regional Climate in Central Europe

1Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 11A, Datun Road, Anwai, Beijing 100101, China
2Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3Faculty of Information Engineering, China University of Geosciences, No. 388, Lumo Road, Wuhan 430074, China
4School of Economics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
5State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, Beijing 100048, China
6China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100048, China

Received 18 July 2013; Revised 9 September 2013; Accepted 17 September 2013

Academic Editor: Xiangzheng Deng

Copyright © 2013 Fang Yin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Energy shortfalls are becoming more and more serious all over the world, and worldwide governments have tried to promote the development of biofuels in order to mitigate the climatic impacts of massive fossil fuel consumption. Since the land is the main input factor of the bioenergy production, the development of biofuels will inevitably lead to change of the land use structure and allocation and thereby affect the climate system. With Central Europe as the study area, this study explored the impacts of land use/land cover change (LUCC) on climate under the influence of demand of bioenergy production for land resources. First, the land use structure from 2010 to 2050 is simulated with the Agriculture and Land Use model in MiniCam. The result indicates that the main conversion will be mainly from grassland and forest to cropland and from cropland to grassland. Then the Dynamics of Land System model was used to spatially simulate the LUCC in the future. The impacts of LUCC on the climate were analyzed on the basis of simulation with the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. The climate change will be characterized by the increase of latent heat flux and temperature and the decrease of precipitation.