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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2013, Article ID 312716, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/312716
Research Article

Possible Influence of the Cultivated Land Reclamation on Surface Climate in India: A WRF Model Based Simulation

1Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10049, China
3Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
4State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
5School of Geodesy and Geomatics, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China

Received 7 July 2013; Accepted 23 October 2013

Academic Editor: Burak Güneralp

Copyright © 2013 Yi Qu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Land use/cover change (LUCC) has become one of the most important factors for the global climate change. As one of the major types of LUCC, cultivated land reclamation also has impacts on regional climate change. Most of the previous studies focused on the correlation and simulation analysis of historical LUCC and climate change, with few explorations for the impacts of future LUCC on regional climate, especially impacts of the cultivated land reclamation. This study used the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to forecast the changes of energy flux and temperature based on the future cultivated land reclamation in India and then analyzed the impacts of cultivated land reclamation on climate change. The results show that cultivated land reclamation will lead to a large amount of land conversions, which will overall result in the increase in latent heat flux of regional surface as well as the decrease in sensible heat flux and further lead to changes of regional average temperature. Furthermore, the impact on climate change is seasonally different. The cultivated land reclamation mainly leads to a temperature decrease in the summer, while it leads to a temperature increase in the winter.