Research Article

A Global and Hemispherical Analysis of the Lorenz Energetics Based on the Representative Concentration Pathways Used in CMIP5

Figure 4

Representation of annual mean of spatial domain Lorenz energy cycle for the entire globe in which (a) is representative of a two-component energy cycle and (b) denotes the four-components diagram. Values from up to below in each figure are for RCP85, RCP45, RCP26, and control experiments. Units are 105 J/m2 for reservoirs and W/m2 for conversion, generation, and dissipation terms. In the two-component energy cycle the value of is given by the sum of its zonal and eddy part , , , , and . Arrows indicate the direction corresponding to positive values; negative values imply opposite flux direction.