Research Article

The Impact of Mesoscale Environmental Uncertainty on the Prediction of a Tornadic Supercell Storm Using Ensemble Data Assimilation Approach

Figure 1

(a) The mesoscale domain (d01) covering the CONUS, the nested convective-scale domain (d02), and the time line of the hourly mesoscale data assimilation experiments; (b) the convective-scale domain with county borders (d02, enlarged), location of the four WSR-88D radars (blue dots), the NWS surveyed storm damage path (in red), and the time line of the convective-scale data assimilation and forecast experiments.
(a) Mesoscale domain
(b) Convective-scale domain