Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2014, Article ID 379306, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/379306
Research Article

Improving Carbon Mitigation Potential through Grassland Ecosystem Restoration under Climatic Change in Northeastern Tibetan Plateau

The Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

Received 14 February 2014; Accepted 2 April 2014; Published 8 May 2014

Academic Editor: Dong Jiang

Copyright © 2014 Lin Huang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. M. Havstad, D. P. C. Peters, R. Skaggs et al., “Ecological services to and from rangelands of the United States,” Ecological Economics, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 261–268, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. H. M. Butchart, M. Walpole, B. Collen et al., “Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines,” Science, vol. 328, no. 5982, pp. 1164–1168, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. M. Bullock, J. Aronson, A. C. Newton, R. F. Pywell, and J. M. Rey-Benayas, “Restoration of ecosystem services and biodiversity: conflicts and opportunities,” Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 541–549, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. W. H. Schlesinger, J. F. Reynolds, G. L. Cunningham et al., “Biological feedbacks in global desertification,” Science, vol. 247, no. 4946, pp. 1043–1048, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Wilkes, K. Solymosi, and T. Tennigkeit, “Options for support to grassland restoration in the context of climate change mitigation,” Tech. Rep., UNIQUE Forestry and Land Use, Freiburg, Germany, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  6. W. Jordan, M. Gilpin, and J. Aber, Eds., Restoration Ecology: A Synthetic Approach to Ecological Research, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1987.
  7. G. C. Daily and P. A. Matson, “Ecosystem services: from theory to implementation,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 105, no. 28, pp. 9455–9456, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. M. Rey-Benayas, A. C. Newton, A. Diaz, and J. M. Bullock, “Enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services by ecological restoration: a meta-analysis,” Science, vol. 325, no. 5944, pp. 1121–1124, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. Naidoo, A. Balmford, R. Costanza et al., “Global mapping of ecosystem services and conservation priorities,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 105, no. 28, pp. 9495–9500, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. M. Martin, K. A. Moloney, and B. J. Wilsey, “An assessment of grassland restoration success using species diversity components,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 327–336, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. F. Pywell, J. M. Bullock, A. Hopkins et al., “Restoration of species-rich grassland on arable land: assessing the limiting processes using a multi-site experiment,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 294–309, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. Cao and R. Long, “The Bottleneck and its resolutions to the natural recovery of black soil type degraded grassland in the three river Source Region,” Acta Agrestia Sinica, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 4–9, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  13. T. J. Stohlgren, T. N. Chase, R. A. Pielke Sr., T. G. F. Kittel, and J. S. Baron, “Evidence that local land use practices influence regional climate, vegetation, and stream flow patterns in adjacent natural areas,” Global Change Biology, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 495–504, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. T. Conant, K. Paustian, and E. T. Elliott, “Grassland management and conversion into grassland: effects on soil carbon,” Ecological Applications, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 343–355, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. Kumar and P. Nair, Carbon Sequestration Potential of Agroforestry Systems: Opportunities and Challenges, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2011.
  16. P. Smith, D. Martino, Z. Cai et al., “Greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 363, no. 1492, pp. 789–813, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. McKinsey & Co, China's Green Revolution: Prioritizing technologies to Achieve Energy and Environmental Sustainability, McKinsey & Co, London, UK, 2009.
  18. L. Lipper, C. Dutilly-Diane, and N. McCarthy, “Supplying carbon sequestration from West African rangelands: opportunities and barriers,” Rangeland Ecology and Management, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 155–166, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. Y. Li, H. C. Peng, and Q. J. Wang, “Study on aboveground biomass of plant communities among the stages of regressive succession in alpine Kobresia humilis meadow,” Acta Pratacultural Science, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 26–32, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  20. H. K. Zhou, X. Q. Zhao, L. Zhou et al., “A study on correlation between vegetation degradation and soil degradation in the alpine meadow of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau,” Acta Pratacultural Science, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 31–40, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  21. W. Y. Wang, Q. J. Wang, G. Wang, and Z. C. Jing, “Effects of land degradation and rehabilitation on vegetation carbon and nitrogen content of alpine meadow in China,” Journal of Plant Ecology, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1073–1078, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  22. Y. N. Zeng, Z. L. Ma, and Z. D. Feng, “Potential to sequestering carbon from atmosphere through rehabilitating desert land in the head water of the Yellow River,” Journal of Mountain Science, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 671–675, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  23. J. L. Yu, H. X. Shi, and C. Y. Zhao, “Preliminary study on range conditions of alpine Kobresia meadows under different degradation degrees,” Acta Prataculturae Snica, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 115–118, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  24. D. R. Han, G. M. Cao, X. W. Guo et al., “The potential of carbon sink in alpine meadow ecosystem on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau,” Acta Ecologica Sinica, vol. 31, no. 24, pp. 7408–7417, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Y. N. Li, S. X. Xu, L. Zhao, and F. W. Zhang, “Carbon Sequestration potential of vegetation and soil of degenerative alpine meadows in Southern Qinghai Province,” Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 1157–1164, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  26. J. M. Montoya and D. Raffaelli, “Climate change, biotic interactions and ecosystem services,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 365, no. 1549, pp. 2013–2018, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. G. Liu, T. Dietz, S. R. Carpenter et al., “Complexity of coupled human and natural systems,” Science, vol. 317, no. 5844, pp. 1513–1516, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. G. R. Walther, E. Post, P. Convey et al., “Ecological responses to recent climate change,” Nature, vol. 416, no. 6879, pp. 389–395, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. Lenoir, J. C. Gégout, P. A. Marquet, P. De Ruffray, and H. Brisse, “A significant upward shift in plant species optimum elevation during the 20th century,” Science, vol. 320, no. 5884, pp. 1768–1771, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. W. Thuiller, S. Lavergne, C. Roquet, I. Boulangeat, B. Lafourcade, and M. B. Araujo, “Consequences of climate change on the tree of life in Europe,” Nature, vol. 470, no. 7335, pp. 531–534, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. D. D. Ackerly, S. R. Loarie, W. K. Cornwell et al., “The geography of climate change: implications for conservation biogeography,” Diversity and Distributions, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 476–487, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. B. Araújo, D. Alagador, M. Cabeza, D. Nogués-Bravo, and W. Thuiller, “Climate change threatens European conservation areas,” Ecology Letters, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 484–492, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. Z. Dobrowski, J. H. Thorne, J. A. Greenberg et al., “Modeling plant ranges over 75 years of climate change in California, USA: temporal transferability and species traits,” Ecological Monographs, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 241–257, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. L. Hannah, G. Midgley, S. Andelman et al., “Protected area needs in a changing climate,” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 131–138, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. L. Hansen, J. Hoffman, C. Drews, and E. Mielbrecht, “Designing climate-smart conservation: guidance and case studies: special section,” Conservation Biology, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 63–69, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. C. Bellard, C. Bertelsmeier, P. Leadley, W. Thuiller, and F. Courchamp, “Impacts of climate change on the future of biodiversity,” Ecology Letters, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 365–377, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J. J. Lawler, T. H. Tear, C. Pyke et al., “Resource management in a changing and uncertain climate,” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 35–43, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M. A. Palmer and S. Filoso, “Restoration of ecosystem services for environmental markets,” Science, vol. 325, no. 5940, pp. 575–576, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. F. E. Putz and K. H. Redford, “Dangers of carbon-based conservation,” Global Environmental Change, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 400–401, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. L. Lipper, A. Wilkes, and N. McCarthy, “Crediting soil carbon sequestration in smallholder agricultural systems: what fits and what will fly?” in Monitoring, Reporting and Verification Systems for Carbon in Soils and Vegetation in African, Caribbean and Pacific Countries, D. de Brogniez, P. Mayaux, and L. Montanarella, Eds., EC JRC Scientific and Technical Reports, EC European Commission Joint Research Centre, Brussels, Belgium, 2011. View at Google Scholar