Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 413717, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/413717
Research Article

Rainfall Estimation Using Specific Differential Phase for the First Operational Polarimetric Radar in Korea

1Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan
2Department of Environmental Atmospheric Sciences, Pukyong National University, Yongso-ro, Nam-gu, Busan 608-737, Republic of Korea

Received 25 November 2013; Revised 14 January 2014; Accepted 15 January 2014; Published 24 February 2014

Academic Editor: Hiroyuki Hashiguchi

Copyright © 2014 Cheol-Hwan You et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. Campos and I. Zawadzki, “Instrumental uncertainties in Z-R relations,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 1088–1102, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C.-H. You, D.-I. Lee, S.-M. Jang et al., “Characteristics of rainfall systems accompanied with Changma front at Chujado in Korea,” Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 41–51, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. W. Wilson and E. A. Brandes, “Radar measurement of rainfall—a summary,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 60, no. 9, pp. 1048–1058, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. M. Austin, “Relations between measured radar reflectivity and surface rainfall,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 115, no. 5, pp. 1053–1070, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. You, D. Lee, M. Jang, K. Seo, K. Kim, and B. Kim, “The characteristics of rain drop size distributions using a POSS in Busan area,” Journal of the Korean Meteorological Society, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 713–724, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  6. M. Jang, D. Lee, and C. You, “Z-R relationship and DSD analyses using a POSS disdrometer—part I: precipitation cases in Busan,” Journal of the Korean Meteorological Society, vol. 40, pp. 557–570, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. Suk, K. Nam, Y. Kim, and S. Oh, “Estimation of quantitative rain intensity from radar reflectivities using a wind probability matching method,” Journal of the Korean Meteorological Society, vol. 41, pp. 123–138, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  8. J. Vivekanandan, D. S. Zrnic, S. M. Ellis, R. Oye, A. V. Ryzhkov, and J. Straka, “Cloud microphysics retrieval using S-band dual-polarization radar measurements,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 381–388, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. V. Ryzhkov and D. S. Zrnic, “Discrimination between rain and snow with a polarimetric radar,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 37, no. 10, pp. 1228–1240, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. E. Giangrande and A. V. Ryzhkov, “Estimation of rainfall based on the results of polarimetric echo classification,” Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 2445–2462, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. V. Ryzhkov and D. S. Zrnic, “Assessment of rainfall measurement that uses specific differential phase,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 35, no. 11, pp. 2080–2090, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. T. May, T. D. Keenan, D. S. Zrnić, L. D. Carey, and S. A. Rutledge, “Polarimetric radar measurements of tropical rain at a 5-cm wavelength,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 750–765, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. V. N. Bringi and V. Chandrasekar, The Polarimetric Basis for Characterizing Precipitation. Polarimetric Doppler Weather Radar: Principles and Applications, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2001.
  14. E. A. Brandes, G. Zhang, and J. Vivekanandan, “Experiments in rainfall estimation with a polarimetric radar in a subtropical environment,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 41, pp. 674–685, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  15. A. V. Ryzhkov, T. J. Schuur, D. W. Burgess, P. L. Heinselman, S. E. Giangrande, and D. S. Zrnic, “The joint polarization experiment: polarimetric rainfall measurements and hydrometeor classification,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 86, no. 6, pp. 809–824, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. Cifelli, V. Chandrasekar, S. Lim, P. C. Kennedy, Y. Wang, and S. A. Rutledge, “A new dual-polarization radar rainfall algorithm: application in Colorado precipitation events,” Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 352–364, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. N. Balakrishnan and D. S. Zrnic, “Estimation of rain and hail rates in mixed-phase precipitation,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 565–583, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. Aydin, V. N. Bringi, and L. Liu, “Rain-rate estimation in the presence of hail using S-band specific differential phase and other radar parameters,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 404–410, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C. You, M. Kang, D. Lee, and H. Uyeda, “Rainfall estimation by S-band polarimetric radar in Korea—part I: preprocessing and preliminary results,” Meteorological Applications. In press.
  20. B. E. Sheppard, “The measurement of raindrop size distributions using a small Doppler radar,” Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol. 7, pp. 255–268, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. P. C. Waterman, “Symmetry, unitarity, and geometry in electromagnetic scattering,” Physical Review D, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 825–839, 1971. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, and D. W. Mackowski, “T-matrix computations of light scattering by nonspherical particles: a review,” Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 535–575, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. V. Ryzhkov, S. E. Giangrande, V. M. Melnikov, and T. J. Schuur, “Calibration issues of dual-polarization radar measurements,” Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1138–1155, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. K. V. Beard and C. C. Chuang, “A new model for the equilibrium shape of raindrops,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 44, pp. 1509–1524, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. K. Andsager, K. V. Beard, and N. F. Laird, “Laboratory measurements of axis ratios for large raindrops,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 56, no. 15, pp. 2673–2683, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. V. N. Bringi, V. Chandrasekar, J. Hubbert, E. Gorgucci, W. L. Randeu, and M. Schoenhuber, “Raindrop size distribution in different climatic regimes from disdrometer and dual-polarized radar analysis,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 354–365, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. V. Ryzhkov, D. S. Zrnic, J. C. Hubbert, V. N. Bringi, J. Vivekanandan, and E. A. Brandes, “Polarimetric radar observations and interpretation of co-cross-polar correlation coefficients,” Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 340–354, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. Y. Matrosov, K. A. Clark, B. E. Martner, and A. Tokay, “X-band polarimetric radar measurements of rainfall,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 941–952, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. T. D. Keenan, D. S. Zrnic, L. Carey, and P. May, “Sensitivity of 5-cm wavelength polarimetric radar variables to raindrop axial ratio and drop size distributions,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 40, pp. 526–545, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  30. A. V. Ryzhkov, S. E. Giangrande, and T. J. Schuur, “Rainfall estimation with a polarimetric prototype of WSR-88D,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 502–515, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus