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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2014, Article ID 419838, 17 pages
Research Article

Dry Deposition from Sahara Sources Regions of Western Africa

1Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sciences and Technology of Oran, Oran, Algeria
2School in Science and Technology of Oran, Algeria
3Algerian Petroleum Institute IAP, Arzew, Oran, Algeria

Received 14 November 2013; Accepted 26 January 2014; Published 17 March 2014

Academic Editor: Gianluigi de Gennaro

Copyright © 2014 B. Douaiba et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Sahara dust storms during March 2004 have attracted much attention from the dust-research community due to their intensity, wide coverage, and endurance. In the present work, the dry deposition mechanisms of mineral dust are analysed during an event on the 3 March 2004 over the Northwest African coast. This particular case was chosen based on the strong dry removal that occurred, rendering it ideal for examining the deposition processes. The simulation of synoptic conditions and dry deposition of four dust particles including clay, small silt, large silt, and sand was performed with Eta model, coupled with a desert dust cycle module. The results have been compared with surface data from weather stations in North Africa, data of dry metals from stations located in Gran Canaria, and various satellite images such as European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer for the period in question.