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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 896453, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/896453
Review Article

Integrated Monitoring and Assessment Framework of Regional Ecosystem under the Global Climate Change Background

State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Satellite Remote Sensing, Satellite Environment Center, Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing 100094, China

Received 12 February 2014; Accepted 17 March 2014; Published 13 April 2014

Academic Editor: Dong Jiang

Copyright © 2014 Qiao Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Global changes are driving ecosystem alterations, and the effects are becoming more and more obvious. Ecosystem management clarifies the fundamental supporting functions of ecosystems for human survival and sustainable development. Integrated ecosystem monitoring and assessment has become a popular topic of ecology study. However, many scientific questions need to be addressed, including what assessment contents and methods are optimal for temporal and spatial measurements. Therefore, the development of a scientific evaluation framework that includes certain core contents and indicators is very important. This paper proposes a regional integrated ecosystem assessment framework involving comprehensive monitoring. Satellite images are the main data source for different ecosystem and ecological parameters, and these need to be supplemented with the help of surveys or field observation data. A healthy ecosystem is the basis of human survival and sustainable development, and ecological service should be taken as the core of integrated ecosystem assessment. This is decided by the spatial distribution, classification, and patterns of regional ecosystems. That is to say, ecological service, together with ecosystems distribution and pattern, ecological problem indicators, and ecological stress, needs to be integrated analyzed and evaluated.