Low-Frequency Variability of the Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass Identified from the China Coastal Waters and Adjacent Seas Reanalysis
Interannual time series of (a) winter AO, MEI, and PDO indices, and A-YSCWM and T-YSCWM in August (b) summer AO, ENSO, PDO, and the A-YSCWM and T-YSCWM in August. Time series of the A-YSCWM and T-YSCWM are standardized. The A-YSCWM and T-YSCWM represent the area and averaged temperature of the YSCWM, respectively. The “+” represents the El Niño events, and the “” represents the La Niña events.