Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2015, Article ID 536762, 18 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/536762
Research Article

Dust Aerosols Detected Using a Ground-Based Polarization Lidar and CALIPSO over Wuhan (30.5°N, 114.4°E), China

Yun He1,2,3 and Fan Yi1,2,3

1School of Electronic Information, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
2Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment and Geodesy, Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430072, China
3State Observatory for Atmospheric Remote Sensing, Wuhan 430072, China

Received 29 July 2014; Revised 21 October 2014; Accepted 3 November 2014

Academic Editor: Sven-Erik Gryning

Copyright © 2015 Yun He and Fan Yi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, and O. Boucher, “A satellite view of aerosols in the climate system,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6903, pp. 215–223, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. Sun, M. Zhang, and T. Liu, “Spatial and temporal characteristics of dust storms in China and its surrounding regions, 1960–1999: Relations to source area and climate,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 106, no. 10, pp. 10325–10333, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. M. Creamean, K. J. Suski, D. Rosenfeld et al., “Dust and biological aerosols from the Sahara and Asia influence precipitation in the Western U.S,” Science, vol. 340, no. 6127, pp. 1572–1578, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. I. Tegen, A. A. Lacis, and I. Fung, “The influence on climate forcing of mineral aerosols from disturbed soils,” Nature, vol. 380, no. 6573, pp. 419–422, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. A. Kwon, Y. Iwasaka, T. Shibata, and T. Sakai, “Vertical distribution of atmospheric particles and water vapor densities in the free troposphere: lidar measurement in spring and summer in Nagoya, Japan,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 31, no. 10, pp. 1459–1465, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. O. Andreae, “Climate effects of changing atmospheric aerosol levels,” in Future Climates of the World: A Modelling Perspective, vol. 16 of World Survey of Climatology, pp. 341–392, Elsevier, New York, NY, USA, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  7. C. S. Zender, R. L. Miller, and I. Tegen, “Quantifying mineral dust mass budgets: terminology, constraints, and current estimates,” Eos, vol. 85, no. 48, pp. 509–512, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. X. Y. Zhang, R. Arimoto, and Z. S. An, “Dust emission from Chinese desert sources linked to variations in atmospheric circulation,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 102, no. 23, pp. 28041–28047, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. C. Hsu, C. A. Huh, C. Y. Lin et al., “Dust transport from non-East Asian sources to the North Pacific,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 39, no. 12, Article ID L12804, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. I. Uno, K. Eguchi, K. Yumimoto et al., “Asian dust transported one full circuit around the globe,” Nature Geoscience, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 557–560, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Z. Levin, A. Teller, E. Ganor, and Y. Yin, “On the interactions of mineral dust, sea-salt particles, and clouds: a measurement and modeling study from the Mediterranean Israeli Dust Experiment campaign,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 110, no. 20, Article ID D20202, pp. 1–19, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. I. N. Sokolik and O. B. Toon, “Direct radiative forcing by anthropogenic airborne mineral aerosols,” Nature, vol. 381, no. 6584, pp. 681–683, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. Niranjan, B. L. Madhavan, and V. Sreekanth, “Micro pulse lidar observation of high altitude aerosol layers at Visakhapatnam located on the east coast of India,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 34, no. 3, Article ID L03815, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Papayannis, H. Q. Zhang, V. Amiridis et al., “Extraordinary dust event over Beijing, China, during April 2006: lidar, sun photometric, satellite observations and model validation,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 34, no. 7, Article ID L07806, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. Sakai, T. Shibata, S.-A. Kwon, Y.-S. Kim, and Y. Iwasaka, “Free tropospheric aerosol backscatter, depolarization ratio, and relative humidity measured with the Raman lidar at Nagoya in 1994–1997: contributions of aerosols from the Asian Continent and the Pacific Ocean,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 431–442, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. T. Sakai, T. Shibata, Y. Iwasaka et al., “Case study of Raman lidar measurements of Asian dust events in 2000 and 2001 at Nagoya and Tsukuba, Japan,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 36, no. 35, pp. 5479–5489, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa et al., “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 30, no. 12, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S.-W. Kim, S.-C. Yoon, J. Kim, and S.-Y. Kim, “Seasonal and monthly variations of columnar aerosol optical properties over east Asia determined from multi-year MODIS, LIDAR, and AERONET Sun/sky radiometer measurements,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 1634–1651, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Gautam, Z. Liu, R. P. Singh, and N. C. Hsu, “Two contrasting dust-dominant periods over India observed from MODIS and CALIPSO data,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 36, no. 6, Article ID L06813, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Yi et al., “Summer dust aerosols detected from CALIPSO over the Tibetan Plateau,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 34, no. 18, Article ID L18805, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Chen et al., “Long-range transport and vertical structure of Asian dust from CALIPSO and surface measurements during PACDEX,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 113, no. 23, Article ID D23212, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S.-W. Kim, S.-C. Yoon, J. Kim, J.-Y. Kang, and N. Sugimoto, “Asian dust event observed in Seoul, Korea, during 29–31 May 2008: analysis of transport and vertical distribution of dust particles from lidar and surface measurements,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 408, no. 7, pp. 1707–1718, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. Liu, D. Winker, and C. Trepte, “A height resolved global view of dust aerosols from the first year CALIPSO lidar measurements,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 113, no. 16, Article ID D16214, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. Liu, Y. Wang, Z. Wang, and J. Zhou, “The three-dimensional structure of transatlantic african dust transport: a new perspective from CALIPSO LIDAR measurements,” Advances in Meteorology, vol. 2012, Article ID 850704, 9 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. B. Nee, C. W. Chiang, H. L. Hu, S. X. Hu, and J. Y. Yu, “Lidar measurements of Asian dust storms and dust cloud interactions,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 112, no. 15, Article ID D15202, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. J. Zhou, G. Yu, C. Jin et al., “Lidar observations of Asian dust over Hefei, China in spring 2000,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 107, no. 15, pp. 1–8, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. A. Behrendt and T. Nakamura, “Calculation of the calibration constant of polarization lidar and its dependency on atmospheric temperature,” Optics Express, vol. 10, no. 16, pp. 805–817, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. Sassen, “The polarization lidar technique for cloud research: a review and current assessment,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 72, no. 12, pp. 1848–1866, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. B. Nee, C. N. Len, W. N. Chen, and C. I. Lin, “Lidar observation of the cirrus cloud in the tropopause at Chung-Li (25°N, 121°E),” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 55, no. 12, pp. 2249–2257, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. Z. Liu, N. Sugimoto, and T. Murayama, “Extinction-to-backscatter ratio of Asian dust observed with high-spectral-resolution lidar and Raman lidar,” Applied Optics, vol. 41, no. 15, pp. 2760–2767, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. A. R. Sharma, S. K. Kharol, and K. V. S. Badarinath, “LIDAR observations of aerosol properties over tropical urban region—a case study during a low-pressure system over bay of bengal,” IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 807–811, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. F. G. Fernald, “Analysis of atmospheric lidar observations: some comments,” Applied Optics, vol. 23, pp. 652–653, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. T. Takamura, Y. Sasano, and T. Hayasaka, “Tropospheric aerosol optical properties derived from lidar, sun photometer, and optical particle counter measurements,” Applied Optics, vol. 33, no. 30, pp. 7132–7140, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. T. Murayama, M. Furushima, A. Oda et al., “Aerosol optical properties in the urban mixing layer studied by polarization lidar with meteorological data,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Ansmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, and U. Wandinger, Eds., pp. 19–22, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  35. T. Murayama, H. Okamoto, N. Kaneyasu, H. Kamataki, and K. Miura, “Application of lidar depolarization measurement in the atmospheric boundary layer: effects of dust and sea-salt particles,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 104, no. 24, pp. 31781–31792, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. C. W. Chiang, W. N. Chen, W. A. Liang, S. K. Das, and J. B. Nee, “Optical properties of tropospheric aerosols based on measurements of lidar, sun-photometer, and visibility at Chung-Li (25°N, 121°E),” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 41, no. 19, pp. 4128–4137, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. Y. M. Noh, Y. J. Kim, and D. Müller, “Seasonal characteristics of lidar ratios measured with a Raman lidar at Gwangju, Korea in spring and autumn,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 2208–2224, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. D. M. Winker, W. H. Hunt, and M. J. McGill, “Initial performance assessment of CALIOP,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 34, no. 19, Article ID L19803, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. Z. Liu, A. Omar, M. Vaughan et al., “CALIPSO lidar observations of the optical properties of Saharan dust: a case study of long-range transport,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 113, no. D7, Article ID D07207, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  40. B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker et al., “AERONET—a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. D. King, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, and J. A. Reagan, “Aerosol size distributions obtained by inversion of spectral optical depth measurements,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 35, no. 11, pp. 2153–2167, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. R. R. Draxler and G. D. Rolph, HYSPLIT (Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory) Model, Air Resources Laboratory, NOAA, Silver Spring, Md, USA, 2003, http://www.arl.noaa.gov/ready/hysplit4.html.
  43. W. Gong, S. Zhang, and Y. Ma, “Aerosol optical properties and determination of aerosol size distribution in Wuhan, China,” Atmosphere, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 81–91, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  44. J. Liu, Y. Zheng, Z. Li, C. Flynn, E. J. Welton, and M. Cribb, “Transport, vertical structure and radiative properties of dust events in southeast China determined from ground and space sensors,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 45, no. 35, pp. 6469–6480, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. J. Liu, Y. Zheng, Z. Li, C. Flynn, and M. Cribb, “Seasonal variations of aerosol optical properties, vertical distribution and associated radiative effects in the Yangtze Delta region of China,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 117, no. D16, Article ID D00K38, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  46. Y. Zheng, J. Liu, R. Wu et al., “Seasonal statistical characteristics of aerosol optical properties at a site near a dust region in China,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 113, no. D16, Article ID D16205, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  47. Y. Kurosaki and M. Mikami, “Recent frequent dust events and their relation to surface wind in East Asia,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 30, no. 14, p. 1736, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. Y. H. Zhang, S. D. Zhang, and F. Yi, “Intensive radiosonde observations of lower tropospheric inversion layers over Yichang, China,” Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 180–190, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. C. E. Jordan, J. E. Dibb, B. E. Anderson, and H. E. Fuelberg, “Uptake of nitrate and sulfate on dust aerosols during TRACE-P,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 108, no. 21, pp. 1–38, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. T. Murayama, M. Furushima, A. Oda, N. Iwasaka, and K. Kai, “Depolarization ratio measurements in the atmospheric boundary layer by lidar in Tokyo,” Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, vol. 74, no. 4, pp. 571–578, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. M. Ikegami, K. Okada, Y. Zaizen et al., “Aerosol particles in the middle troposphere over the northern Pacific,” Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, vol. 71, pp. 517–528, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  52. B.-G. Kim and S.-U. Park, “Transport and evolution of a winter-time yellow sand observed in Korea,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 35, no. 18, pp. 3191–3201, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. S. W. Kim, S. C. Yoon, and J. Kim, “Columnar Asian dust particle properties observed by sun/sky radiometers from 2000 to 2006 in Korea,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 492–504, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. J. Kim, “Transport routes and source regions of Asian dust observed in Korea during the past 40 years (1965–2004),” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 42, no. 19, pp. 4778–4789, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. C. B. Park, J. H. Kim, and C. H. Lee, “Measurement of Asian dust by using of multiwavelength lidar,” in Lidar Remote Sensing for Industry and Environment Monitoring, vol. 4153 of Proceedings of the SPIE, pp. 124–131, Sendai, Japan, October 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, Z. Liu, A. Shimizu, I. Tamamushi, and K. Asai, “Observation of aerosols and clouds using a two-wavelength polarization Lidar during the Nauru99 experiment,” Sea and Sky, vol. 76, pp. 93–98, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  57. P. Cottle, K. Strawbridge, I. Mckendry, N. O'Neill, and A. Saha, “A pervasive and persistent asian dust event over North America during spring 2010: lidar and sunphotometer observations,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 4515–4527, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. A. Deleva and I. Grigorov, “Lower troposphere observation over urban area with lidar at 1064nm,” International Journal of Navigation and Observation, vol. 2011, Article ID 769264, 8 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. D. S. Balis, V. Amiridis, S. Nickovic, A. Papayannis, and C. Zerefos, “Optical properties of Saharan dust layers as detected by a Raman lidar at Thessaloniki, Greece,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 31, no. 13, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. A. Papayannis, V. Amiridis, L. Mona et al., “Systematic lidar observations of Saharan dust over Europe in the frame of EARLINET (2000–2002),” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 113, no. 10, Article ID D10204, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. A. Hänel, H. Baars, D. Althausen, A. Ansmann, R. Engelmann, and J. Y. Sun, “One-year aerosol profiling with EUCAARI Raman lidar at Shangdianzi GAW station: Beijing plume and seasonal variations,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 117, no. 13, Article ID D13201, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus