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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2015, Article ID 546920, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/546920
Research Article

The Effects of Climate Change on Variability of the Growing Seasons in the Elbe River Lowland, Czech Republic

1Department of Agroecology and Biometeorology, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamycka 129, Prague 6-Suchdol, 165 21 Prague, Czech Republic
2Global Change Research Centre AS CR, Bělidla 986/4a, 603 00 Brno, Czech Republic
3Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Kroftova 43, 616 00 Brno, Czech Republic

Received 9 January 2015; Accepted 10 February 2015

Academic Editor: Marcos Heil Costa

Copyright © 2015 Vera Potopová et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This research aimed to identify an approach for adaptation of agriculture to increased climate variability and projected changes, taking into account regional specificity of climate change. Changes in the timing of growing season (GS) parameters for both observation and models data were computed using daily mean temperatures for three thresholds that correspond to the physiological requirements of the vegetable types. This research included a new assessment of the potential impacts of climate change on the GS of vegetables grown in the Elbe River lowland, one of the largest farmed vegetable regions in Central Europe. To accomplish this, a comprehensive analysis was conducted of the spatiotemporal variability of the date of the beginning of the growing season (BGS), the date of the end of the growing season (EGS), and the length of the growing season (GSL) for the period 1961–2011. In addition, an assessment was made of the potential changes in the dates of the BGS, EGS, and GSL for the Elbe River lowland, simulated using the regional climate models. Prospective areas for growing thermophilic vegetables in the study region were also determined.