(a) OBS
(b) CTRL
(c) TOP0.25
Figure 1: The 24 h accumulated rainfall (unit: mm) from (a) observation, (b) CTRL, and (c) TOP0.25 experiment ending at 0000 UTC 22 July 2012; “BJ” (red), “TJ,” and “HB” indicated Beijing and Tianjin metropolitan city and Hebei province, respectively.