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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 1579415, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1579415
Research Article

Drought Risk Assessment in Yunnan Province of China Based on Wavelet Analysis

1Key Laboratory of Digital Earth Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100094, China
2National Disaster Reduction Center of China, Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing 100124, China

Received 13 July 2015; Revised 26 September 2015; Accepted 12 October 2015

Academic Editor: Milan Gocic

Copyright © 2016 HuiCong Jia and DongHua Pan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A wavelet transform technique was used to analyze the precipitation data for nearly 60 years (1954–2012) in Yunnan Province of China. The wavelet coefficients and the variance yield of wavelet were calculated. The results showed that, in nearly 60 years, the spring precipitation increased slightly; however, the linear trend of other seasonal and annual precipitations showed a reducing trend. Seasonal and annual precipitation had the characteristics of multiple time scales. Different time scales showed the different cyclic alternating patterns. Overall, in the next period of time, different seasons and the annual precipitation will be in the periods of precipitation-reduced oscillation; high drought disaster risks may occur in Yunnan province. Particularly, by analyzing large area of severe drought of Yunnan province in 2009–2012, the predicted results of wavelet were verified. The results may provide a scientific basis for guiding agricultural production and the drought prevention work for Yunnan Province and other places of China.