Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2017, Article ID 2691368, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2691368
Research Article

Arctic-Mid-Latitude Linkages in a Nonlinear Quasi-Geostrophic Atmospheric Model

1Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Research Unit Potsdam, Telegrafenberg A43, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
2A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pyzhevsky 3, Moscow 119017, Russia

Correspondence should be addressed to Dörthe Handorf; ed.iwa@frodnah.ehtreod

Received 20 January 2017; Revised 10 May 2017; Accepted 23 May 2017; Published 13 June 2017

Academic Editor: Yoshihiro Tomikawa

Copyright © 2017 Dörthe Handorf et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. C. Stroeve, J. Maslanik, M. C. Serreze, I. Rigor, W. Meier, and C. Fowler, “Sea ice response to an extreme negative phase of the Arctic Oscillation during winter 2009/2010,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 38, no. 2, Article ID L02502, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. A. Screen and I. Simmonds, “The central role of diminishing sea ice in recent Arctic temperature amplification,” Nature, vol. 464, no. 7293, pp. 1334–1337, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. C. Serreze, A. P. Barrett, J. C. Stroeve, D. N. Kindig, and M. M. Holland, “The emergence of surface-based arctic amplification,” Cryosphere, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 11–19, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. V. A. Alexeev, I. Esau, I. V. Polyakov, S. J. Byam, and S. Sorokina, “Vertical structure of recent arctic warming from observed data and reanalysis products,” Climatic Change, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 215–239, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. L. Cohen, J. C. Furtado, M. A. Barlow, V. A. Alexeev, and J. E. Cherry, “Arctic warming, increasing snow cover and widespread boreal winter cooling,” Environmental Research Letters, vol. 7, no. 1, Article ID 014007, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Q. Tang, X. Zhang, X. Yang, and J. A. Francis, “Cold winter extremes in northern continents linked to Arctic sea ice loss,” Environmental Research Letters, vol. 8, no. 1, Article ID 014036, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Honda, J. Inoue, and S. Yamane, “Influence of low Arctic sea-ice minima on anomalously cold Eurasian winters,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 36, no. 8, Article ID L08707, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. V. Petoukhov and V. A. Semenov, “A link between reduced Barents-Kara sea ice and cold winter extremes over northern continents,” Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres, vol. 115, no. 21, Article ID D21111, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Cohen, J. A. Screen, J. C. Furtado et al., “Recent Arctic amplification and extreme mid-latitude weather,” Nature Geoscience, vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 627–637, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. Vihma, “Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review,” Surveys in Geophysics, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 1175–1214, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. E. Overland, K. Dethloff, J. A. Francis et al., “Nonlinear response of mid-latitude weather to the changing Arctic,” Nature Climate Change, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 992–999, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Jaiser, K. Dethloff, D. Handorf, A. Rinke, and J. Cohen, “Impact of sea ice cover changes on the northern hemisphere atmospheric winter circulation,” Tellus, Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, vol. 64, no. 1, Article ID 11595, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. T. Nakamura, K. Yamazaki, K. Iwamoto et al., “A negative phase shift of the winter AO/NAO due to the recent Arctic sea-ice reduction in late autumn,” Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, vol. 120, no. 8, pp. 3209–3227, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Cohen, M. Barlow, P. J. Kushner, and K. Saito, “Stratosphere-troposphere coupling and links with Eurasian land surface variability,” Journal of Climate, vol. 20, no. 21, pp. 5335–5343, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Wegmann, Y. Orsolini, M. Vázquez et al., “Arctic moisture source for Eurasian snow cover variations in autumn,” Environmental Research Letters, vol. 10, no. 5, Article ID 054015, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. Jaiser, T. Nakamura, D. Handorf, K. Dethloff, J. Ukita, and K. Yamazaki, “Atmospheric winter response to Arctic sea ice changes in reanalysis data and model simulations,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 121, no. 13, pp. 7564–7577, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. B.-M. Kim, S.-W. Son, S.-K. Min et al., “Weakening of the stratospheric polar vortex by Arctic sea-ice loss,” Nature Communications, vol. 5, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Nakamura, K. Yamazaki, M. Honda et al., “On the atmospheric response experiment to a Blue Arctic Ocean,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 43, no. 19, pp. 10–402, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. Hassanzadeh, Z. Kuang, and B. F. Farrell, “Responses of midlatitude blocks and wave amplitude to changes in the meridional temperature gradient in an idealized dry GCM,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 41, no. 14, pp. 5223–5232, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. I. M. Held and M. J. Suarez, “A proposal for the intercomparison of the dynamical cores of atmospheric general circulation models,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 75, no. 10, pp. 1825–1830, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. H. Labsch, D. Handorf, K. Dethloff, and M. V. Kurgansky, “Atmospheric circulation regimes in a nonlinear quasi-geostrophic model,” Advances in Meteorology, vol. 2015, Article ID 629429, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Sempf, K. Dethloff, D. Handorf, and M. V. Kurgansky, “Idealized modelling of the northern annular mode: orographic and thermal impacts,” Atmospheric Science Letters, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 140–144, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Sempf, K. Dethloff, D. Handorf, and M. V. Kurgansky, “Toward understanding the dynamical origin of atmospheric regime behavior in a baroclinic model,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 887–904, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. P. L. Houtekamer, “Variation of the predictability in a low-order spectral model of the atmospheric circulation,” Tellus, Series A, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 177–190, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. P. Poli, S. B. Healy, and D. P. Dee, “The ERA-Interim reanalysis: Configuration and performance of the data assimilation system,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 136, no. 653, pp. 1972–1990, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. J. C. Adams and P. N. Swarztrauber, “SPHEREPACK 3.0: A model development facility,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 127, no. 8, pp. 1872–1878, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  27. R. Preisendorfer, Principal Component Analysis in Meteorology and Oceanography, vol. 17, Developments in Atmospheric Science, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. D. Handorf and K. Dethloff, “How well do state-of-the-art atmosphere-ocean general circulation models reproduce atmospheric teleconnection patterns?” Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, vol. 64, no. 1, p. 19777, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. H. von Storch and F. W. Zwiers, Statistical Analysis in Climate Research, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. D. Handorf, R. Jaiser, K. Dethloff, A. Rinke, and J. Cohen, “Impacts of Arctic sea ice and continental snow cover changes on atmospheric winter teleconnections,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 2367–2377, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J. E. Overland, “A difficult Arctic science issue: Midlatitude weather linkages,” Polar Science, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 210–216, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. P. Baldwin and T. J. Dunkerton, “Stratospheric harbingers of anomalous weather regimes,” Science, vol. 294, no. 5542, pp. 581–584, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. L. Sun, C. Deser, and R. A. Tomas, “Mechanisms of stratospheric and tropospheric circulation response to projected Arctic sea ice loss,” Journal of Climate, vol. 28, no. 19, pp. 7824–7845, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. J. R. Holton, An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology, vol. 88 of International Geophysics, Elsevier, 4th edition, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar