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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2017, Article ID 3010295, 17 pages
Research Article

Analysis of Spatiotemporal Evolution of Isolated Rainstorm Events in Huai River Basin, China

1School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, No. 35 Tsinghua East Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100083, China
2State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, 1-A Fuxing Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100038, China
3Department of Water Resources, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, A-922, 1 Yuyuantan South Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100038, China
4Beijing Huayu Engineering Co., Ltd., No. 67 Ande Road, Xicheng District, Beijing 100120, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Hao Wang; moc.rhwi@oahgnaw

Received 21 October 2016; Accepted 22 December 2016; Published 1 March 2017

Academic Editor: Hossein Tabari

Copyright © 2017 Simin Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Because of the impacts of extreme climate, the severity, areal extent, and frequency of rainstorm events are rapidly increasing, especially in the Huai River Basin of China. This article is based on hourly precipitation data of 229 meteorological stations from 1951 through 2012, combined with statistical and meteorological theory. We used the Mann-Kendall mutation test, moving -test, and inverse distance weighting spatial interpolation to analyze the spatiotemporal evolution of precipitation, duration, intensity, and frequency of isolated rainstorm events under climate change. The main results are as follows: () isolated rainstorm events were obviously bimodal and their occurrence moved backward in time. Their average duration and time of maximum intensities changed dramatically, without a significant increasing trend. The period since the 2000s has seen an increase of rainstorms and their temporal regression across the entire basin. () The intensity of isolated rainstorm events in the study area decreased, but precipitation, its duration, areal extent, and frequency had increasing trends basin-wide. () Four rainstorm event indices were examined for the period of 1990–2000. Relative to the years before 2003, the average precipitation increased by 2.1%, the average total duration by 8.1%, and the average frequency of occurrence by 25.5%. All indices show smaller minimum and larger maximum values. Overall, the isolated rainstorm events tended to increase.