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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2017, Article ID 3514743, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3514743
Research Article

Recognizing Dew as an Indicator and an Improver of Near-Surface Air Quality

Key Laboratory of Songliao Aquatic Environment, Ministry of Education, Jilin Jianzhu University, Xincheng St., Dist. 5088, Changchun 130118, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Yingying Xu; moc.nuyila@9101.gniygniyux

Received 25 May 2017; Accepted 2 July 2017; Published 6 August 2017

Academic Editor: Harry D. Kambezidis

Copyright © 2017 Yingying Xu and Xinyue Zhu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The relationship between dew and airborne particles is important in urban ecosystems, but the capability of dew to remove airborne particles remains unclear. During 2015 in Changchun, China, 74 dew and particle samples were collected simultaneously to investigate their chemical characteristics under normal, fog, and haze conditions. Analyses included measuring total dissolved solids, total suspended particulates, PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations, major cations (, Na+, K+, Ca2+, and Mg2+), major anions (F, Cl, , and ), and organic and elemental carbon. Results showed that air quality deteriorated during haze but improved in fog. The particle size distributions, major cations, and carbonaceous species documented in the dew and airborne particles demonstrated consistent synchronous patterns with values descending in the order haze > normal > fog conditions. We found that dew is a good indicator of near-surface air quality. Specifically, its water-soluble ions and carbonaceous species could be used to distinguish emission sources and to identify the presence of secondary organic carbon. Dew is more effective at removing airborne particles in normal weather than in haze or fog conditions; PM2.5 removal rates were 21.5%, 15.2%, and 13.7% on normal, foggy, and hazy days, respectively. Dew condensation processes reduce concentrations of gaseous and particulate pollutants in the near-surface layer.