Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2017, Article ID 6272158, 15 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6272158
Research Article

A New Vortex Initialization Scheme Coupled with WRF-ARW

1Department of Mathematics, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong
2Division of Environment, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Correspondence should be addressed to Jimmy Chi Hung Fung; kh.tsu@gnufjam

Received 21 August 2016; Revised 29 October 2016; Accepted 20 November 2016; Published 3 January 2017

Academic Editor: Anthony R. Lupo

Copyright © 2017 Jimmy Chi Hung Fung and Guangze Gao. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. L. Elsberry, T. D. B. Lambert, and M. A. Boothe, “Accuracy of Atlantic and Eastern North Pacific tropical cyclone intensity forecast guidance,” Weather and Forecasting, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 747–762, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. DeMaria, C. R. Sampson, J. A. Knaff, and K. D. Musgrave, “Is tropical cyclone intensity guidance improving?” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 387–398, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. F. D. Marks, L. K. Shay, G. Barnes et al., “Landfalling tropical cyclones: forecast problems and associated research opportunities,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 305–323, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. A. Anthes, Tropical Cyclones: Their Evolution, Structure and Effects, Meteorological Monographs, American Meteorological Society, 1982.
  5. X. Zou and Q. Xiao, “Studies on the initialization and simulation of a mature hurricane using a variational bogus data assimilation scheme,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 836–860, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. D. Rappin, D. S. Nolan, and S. J. Majumdar, “A highly configurable vortex initialization method for tropical cyclones,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 141, no. 10, pp. 3556–3575, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. I. H. Kwon and H. B. Cheong, “Tropical cyclone initialization with a spherical high-order filter and an idealized three-dimensional bogus vortex,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 138, no. 4, pp. 1344–1367, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. K. A. Reed and C. Jablonowski, “An analytic vortex initialization technique for idealized tropical cyclone studies in AGCMs,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 139, no. 2, pp. 689–710, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. D. P. Stern and D. S. Nolan, “On the vertical decay rate of the maximum tangential winds in tropical cyclones,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 68, no. 9, pp. 2073–2094, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Q. Xiao, L. Chen, and X. Zhang, “Evaluations of BDA scheme using the advanced research WRF (ARW) model,” Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 680–689, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. L.-F. Hsiao, C.-S. Liou, T.-C. Yeh et al., “A vortex relocation scheme for tropical cyclone initialization in advanced research WRF,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 138, no. 8, pp. 3298–3315, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D.-H. Cha and Y. Wang, “A dynamical initialization scheme for real-time forecasts of tropical cyclones using the WRF model,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 141, no. 3, pp. 964–986, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. G. Gopalakrishnan, Q. Liu, T. Marchok et al., Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting (HWRF) Model Scientic Documentation, Edited by L. Bernardet, Monthly Weather Review, 2010.
  14. S. J. Lord, “Abogusing system for vortex circulations in the National Meteorological Center global forecast model,” in Proceedings of the 19th Conference on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, pp. 328–330, American Meteorological Society, 1991.
  15. D. P. Stern and D. S. Nolan, “Reexamining the vertical structure of tangential winds in tropical cyclones: observations and theory,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 66, no. 12, pp. 3579–3600, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Y. Hong and J. O. J. Lim, “The WRF single-moment 6-class microphysics scheme (WSM6),” Journal of the Korean Meteorological Society, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 129–151, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  17. M. J. Iacono, J. S. Delamere, E. J. Mlawer, M. W. Shephard, S. A. Clough, and W. D. Collins, “Radiative forcing by long-lived greenhouse gases: calculations with the AER radiative transfer models,” Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, vol. 113, no. 13, Article ID D13103, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. G. A. Grell and S. R. Freitas, “A scale and aerosol aware stochastic convective parameterization for weather and air quality modeling,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 5233–5250, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar