Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2018, Article ID 3095891, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3095891
Research Article

Patterns of Biomass and Carbon Allocation across Chronosequence of Chir Pine (Pinus roxburghii) Forest in Pakistan: Inventory-Based Estimate

1Beijing Key Laboratory of Forest Resources and Ecosystem Process, College of Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, 100083 Beijing, China
2College of Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, 100083 Beijing, China
3Beijing Key Laboratory of Precision Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, 100083 Beijing, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Xiaodong Liu; nc.ude.ufjb@uil_dx

Received 28 May 2018; Revised 28 July 2018; Accepted 14 August 2018; Published 18 September 2018

Academic Editor: Anthony R. Lupo

Copyright © 2018 Muhammad Amir et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. K. Acharya, B. Chettri, and L. Vijayan, “Distribution pattern of trees along an elevation gradient of eastern Himalaya, India,” Acta Oecologica, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 329–336, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. Houghton, “Balancing the global carbon budget,” Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 313–347, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Brown, “Measuring carbon in forests: current status and future challenges,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 116, no. 3, pp. 363–372, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. T. Gower, “Patterns and mechanisms of the forest carbon cycle,” Annual Review of Environment and Resources, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 169–204, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. Houghton, “Aboveground forest biomass and the global carbon balance,” Global Change Biology, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 945–958, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Peichl and M. A. Arain, “Above-and belowground ecosystem biomass and carbon pools in an age-sequence of temperate pine plantation forests,” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 140, no. 1, pp. 51–63, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Peichl and M. A. Arain, “Allometry and partitioning of above-and belowground tree biomass in an age-sequence of white pine forests,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 253, no. 1, pp. 68–80, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. R. Taylor, J. R. Wang, and H. Y. Chen, “Carbon storage in a chronosequence of red spruce (Picea rubens) forests in central Nova Scotia, Canada,” Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 37, no. 11, pp. 2260–2269, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. E. Law, O. Sun, J. Campbell, S. Van Tuyl, and P. E. thornton, “Changes in carbon storage and fluxes in a chronosequence of ponderosa pine,” Global Change Biology, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 510–524, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. Matthews, R. Payne, M. Rohweder et al., “Forest ecosystem: carbon storage sequestration, carbon sequestration in soil,” Global Climate Change Digest, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 19–99, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  11. B. Huy and P. Tuan Ahn, Estimating CO2 Sequestration in Natural Broad-Leaved Evergreen Forests in Vietnam, APANews (FAO), Quebec, Canada, 2008.
  12. K. S. Pregitizer and E. S. Euskirchen, “Carbon cycling and storage in world forests: biome patterns retated to forest age,” Global Change Biology, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 2052–2077, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. L. Martin, S. T. Gower, J. Plaut, and B. Holmes, “Carbon pools in a boreal mixedwood logging chronosequence,” Global Change Biology, vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 1883–1894, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Zerva, T. Ball, K. A. Smith et al., “Soil carbon dynamics in a Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.) chronosequence on a peaty gley,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 205, no. 1–3, pp. 227–240, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. B. Bradford and D. N. Kastendick, “Age-related patterns of forest complexity and carbon storage in pine and aspen–birch ecosystems of northern Minnesota, USA,” Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 401–409, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. B. Zhu, X. Wang, J. Fang et al., “Altitudinal changes in carbon storage of temperate forests on Mt Changbai, Northeast China,” Journal of Plant Research, vol. 123, no. 4, pp. 439–452, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. X. Cheng, H. Han, F. Kang et al., “Variation in biomass and carbon storage by stand age in pine (Pinus tabulaeformis) planted ecosystem in Mt. Taiyue, Shanxi, China,” Journal of Plant Interactions, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 521–528, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. J. Noh, Y. Son, S. K. Lee et al., “Carbon and nitrogen storage in an age-sequence of Pinus densiflora stands in Korea,” Science China Life Sciences, vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 822–830, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Cao, X. Wang, Y. Tian et al., “Pattern of carbon allocation across three different stages of stand development of a Chinese pine (Pinus tabulaeformis) forest,” Ecological Research, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 883–892, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. Tobin and M. Nieuwenhuis, “Biomass expansion factors for Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.) in Ireland,” European Journal of Forest Research, vol. 126, no. 2, pp. 189–196, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. R. Weiskittel, D.W. Hann, J.A. Kershaw Jr. et al., Forest Growth and Yield Modelling, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, United States, 2011.
  22. S. M. Nizami, “The inventory of the carbon stocks in sub tropical forests of Pakistan for reporting under kyoto protocol,” Journal of Forestry Research, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 377–384, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Ahmad, S. M. Nizami, K. Marwat et al., “Annual accumulation of carbon in the coniferous forest of dir kohistan: an inventory based estimate,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, vol. 47, pp. 115–118, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  24. A. Ahmad and S. M. Nizami, “Carbon stocks of different land uses in the Kumrat valley, Hindu Kush region of Pakistan,” Journal of Forestry Research, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 57–64, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. Ahmad, Q. I. J. Liu, S. M. Nizami, A. Mannan, and S. Saeed, “Carbon emission from deforestation, forest degradation and wood harvest in the temperate region of Hindukush Himalaya, Pakistan between 1994 and 2016,” Land Use Policy, vol. 78, pp. 781–790, 2018. View at Google Scholar
  26. S. Saeed, M. I. Ashraf, A. Ahmad et al., “The Bela forest ecosystem of district Jhelum, a potential carbon sink,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 121–129, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  27. M. l. Sheikh, Trees of Pakistan, vol. 110, Pictoral Printers, Islamabad, Pakistan, 1993.
  28. D. Lu, P. Mausel, E. Brondızio et al., “Classification of successional forest stages in the Brazilian Amazon basin,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 181, no. 3, pp. 301–312, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. Magnussen and D. Reed, Modeling for Estimation and Monitoring, Knowledge Reference for National Forest Assessments, FAO-IUFRO, Quebec, Canada, 2004.
  30. G. Haripriya, “Estimates of biomass in Indian forests,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 245–258, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. IPCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas, IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 2006.
  32. B. Rana, S. Singh, and R. Singh, “Biomass and net primary productivity in Central Himalayan forests along an altitudinal gradient,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 27, no. 3-4, pp. 199–218, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. Mannan, Z. Feng, A. Ahmad et al., “Carbon shift with land use change in Margallah Hills National Park, Islamabad (Pakistan), from 1990 to 2017,” Applied Ecology and Environment Research, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 3197–3214, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. G. R. Oliver, S. H. Pearce, J. D. Graham et al., “Carbon in plantation understorey shrubs,” Scion Contract Report, vol. 43877, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  35. Y. Malhi, T. R. Baker, O. L. Phillips et al., “The above-ground coarse wood productivity of 104 neotropical forest plots,” Global Change Biology, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 563–591, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. J. Roy, H. A. Mooney, and B. Saugier, Terrestrial Global Productivity, Elsevier, New york, NY, USA, 2001.
  37. L. Sun and D. S Guan, “Carbon stock of the ecosystem of lower subtropical broadleaved evergreen forests of different ages in pearl river delta, China,” Journal of Tropical Forest Science, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 249–258, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  38. A. Walkley and I. A. Black, “An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method,” Soil Science, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 29–38, 1934. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. T. R. Pearson, S. L. Brown, and R. A. Birdsey, Measurement Guidelines for the Sequestration of Forest Carbon, US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station, Washington, D.C., USA, 2007.
  40. C. Li, T. Zha, J. Liu et al., “Carbon and nitrogen distribution across a chronosequence of secondary lacebark pine in China,” The Forestry Chronicle, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 192–198, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. C. M. Litton, J. W. Raich, and M. G. Ryan, “Carbon allocation in forest ecosystems,” Global Change Biology, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 2089–2109, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. J. B. Bradford, R. A. Birdsey, L. A. Joyce et al., “Tree age, disturbance history, and carbon stocks and fluxes in subalpine Rocky Mountain forests,” Global Change Biology, vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 2882–2897, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. R. Joosten, J. Schumacher, C. Wirth et al., “Evaluating tree carbon predictions for beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) in western Germany,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 189, no. 1–3, pp. 87–96, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. H. Zheng, Z. Ouyang, W. Xu et al., “Variation of carbon storage by different reforestation types in the hilly red soil region of southern China,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 255, no. 3–4, pp. 1113–1121, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  45. K. S. Pregitzer and E. S. Euskirchen, “Carbon cycling and storage in world forests: biome patterns related to forest age,” Global Change Biology, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 2052–2077, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. K. A. Farley, E. F. Kelly, and R. G. Hofstede, “Soil organic carbon and water retention after conversion of grasslands to pine plantations in the Ecuadorian Andes,” Ecosystems, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 729–739, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. B. Lemma, D. B. Kleja, I. Nilsson et al., “Soil carbon sequestration under different exotic tree species in the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia,” Geoderma, vol. 136, no. 3-4, pp. 886–898, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. T. D. Hookera and J. E. Compton, “Forest ecosystem carbon and nitrogen accumulation during the first century after agricultural abandonment,” Ecological Applications, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 299–313, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus