Advances in Meteorology / 2019 / Article / Fig 1

Research Article

Comparison of Simulations of Updraft Mass Fluxes and Their Response to Increasing Aerosol Concentration between a Bin Scheme and a Bulk Scheme in a Deep-Convective Cloud System

Figure 1

(a) Airflow generated by convective clouds carries water droplets upwards, leading to the formation of ice crystals in the upper cloud layers. (b) Aerosol pollution (or perturbation) leads to formation of more ice crystals and latent-heat release upon ice crystal formation, which stimulates the updrafts and the vertical growth of clouds (adapted from Lee [13]).

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