Advances in Mathematical Physics / 2013 / Article / Fig 1

Research Article

Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos in Fractional-Order Hopfield Neural Networks with Delay

Figure 1

Different dynamical behaviors of system (13) with fixed parameter values , and two groups of initial conditions and for , respectively; (a) period-one orbits when ; (b) period-two orbits when ; (c) period-four orbits when ; (d) separate single-scroll chaotic attractors when .

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