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Advances in Mathematical Physics
Volume 2013, Article ID 801574, 7 pages
Research Article

Study on Inertia as a Gravity Induced Property of Mass, in an Infinite Hubble Expanding Universe

De Engelse Hoeve, Belgenhoek 18, 5985 NJ Grashoek, The Netherlands

Received 2 July 2013; Accepted 24 September 2013

Academic Editor: Raj Bali

Copyright © 2013 Jeroen van Engelshoven. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Mass is experienced to have two intrinsic properties: inertia (resistance to acceleration) and gravity (attraction to other masses). In this paper we evaluate the gravitational effect of all masses of the universe on an accelerated mass, starting from linearized general relativity. The gravitational interaction of all masses in a finite static universe model is shown to create a finite resistance to acceleration, which is inertia. Then, we propose a generalization of the linearized theory and evaluate the Hubble expanding universe. It is shown that the gravitational impact of an infinite expanding universe creates finite inertia, according to . The Friedmann critical mass density is found to be valid. The Mach principle is made explicit. The value and sign of the gravitational constant G are found to be of no consequence on an astronomical scale.