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Advances in Mathematical Physics
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 812150, 10 pages
Research Article

Existence of Exponential -Stability Nonconstant Equilibrium of Markovian Jumping Nonlinear Diffusion Equations via Ekeland Variational Principle

1Department of Mathematics, Chengdu Normal University, Chengdu, Sichuan 611130, China
2Institution of Mathematics, Yibin University, Yibin, Sichuan 644007, China
3School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 611731, China

Received 18 February 2015; Accepted 14 June 2015

Academic Editor: Klaus Kirsten

Copyright © 2015 Ruofeng Rao and Shouming Zhong. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The authors obtained a delay-dependent exponential -stability criterion for a class of Markovian jumping nonlinear diffusion equations by employing the Lyapunov stability theory and some variational methods. As far as we know, it is the first time to apply Ekeland variational principle to obtain the existence of exponential stability equilibrium of -Laplacian dynamic system so that some methods used in this paper are different from those methods of many previous related literatures. In addition, the obtained existence criterion is only involved in the activation functions so that the criterion is simpler and easier than other existence criteria to be verified in practical application. Moreover, a numerical example shows the effectiveness of the proposed methods owing to the large allowable variation range of time-delay.