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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 615492, 6 pages
Research Article

Experimental Study of Heat Flux Distribution of Arc Driven by AC Magnetic Field

Department of Machine Intelligence and System Engineering, Akita Prefectural University, Yurihonjo 015-0055, Japan

Received 3 December 2010; Accepted 21 February 2011

Academic Editor: Pavel Lejcek

Copyright © 2011 Naomi Matsumoto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The authors earlier developed a model to predict the heat flux distribution in an arc driven by an AC magnetic field. That theoretical model implied that the heat flux distribution depended on waveforms of the imposed AC magnetic field. Experiments were conducted in this study to validate that theoretical prediction. Theoretical calculations of heat flux distribution in the arc driven by AC magnetic field were conducted using the heat flux profile in the arc root obtained from the measurement under no magnetic field. The heat flux distributions in arcs driven by AC magnetic fields were measured by imposing two AC magnetic fields with sinusoidal and rectangular waveforms. Agreement between experimental and theoretical heat flux distributions was good. Results confirm that heat flux profiles of various types are producible by controlling the imposed magnetic flux density and its waveform.