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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 828070, 22 pages
A Review of Metallic Bipolar Plates for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Materials and Fabrication Methods
1Alternative Energy Engineering Technology Program, Lambton College, 1457 London Road, Sarnia, ON, Canada N7S 6K4
2Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, 200 College Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3E5
Received 20 March 2012; Accepted 13 June 2012
Academic Editor: Meilin Liu
Copyright © 2012 Shahram Karimi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citations to this Article [35 citations]
The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.
- Reza Taherian, and Mohammad Nasr, “Performance and material selection of nanocomposite bipolar plate in proton exchange membrane fuel cells,” International Journal of Energy Research, 2013.
- Ah-Reum Kim, Hye-Mi Jung, and Sukkee Um, “An engineering approach to optimal metallic bipolar plate designs reflecting gas diffusion layer compression effects,” Energy, 2013.
- Peiyun Yi, Linfa Peng, Tao Zhou, Jiaqiang Huang, and Xinmin Lai, “Composition optimization of multilayered chromium-nitride–carbon film on 316L stainless steel as bipolar plates for proton exchange membrane fuel cells,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 236, pp. 47–53, 2013.
- Reza Taherian, Mohammad Jaffar Hadianfard, and Ahmad Nozad Golikand, “Manufacture of a polymer-based carbon nanocomposite as bipolar plate of proton exchange membrane fuel cells,” Materials & Design, vol. 49, pp. 242–251, 2013.
- Chen-En Lu, Nen-Wen Pu, Kung-Hsu Hou, Chun-Chieh Tseng, and Ming-Der Ger, “The effect of formic acid concentration on the conductivity and corrosion resistance of chromium carbide coatings electroplated with trivalent chromium,” Applied Surface Science, 2013.
- Diankai Qiu, Peiyun Yi, Linfa Peng, and Xinmin Lai, “Study on shape error effect of metallic bipolar plate on the GDL contact pressure distribution in proton exchange membrane fuel cell,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 38, no. 16, pp. 6762–6772, 2013.
- Taro Kinumoto, Keita Nagano, Yuji Yamamoto, Tomoki Tsumura, and Masahiro Toyoda, “Anticorrosion Properties of Tin Oxide Coatings for Carbonaceous Bipolar Plates of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells,” Journal of Power Sources, 2013.
- Benjamin D. Gould, Ravi Ramamurti, Corey R. Osland, and Karen E. Swider-Lyons, “Assessing fuel-cell coolant flow fields with numerical models and infrared thermography,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2014.
- Aeri Jung, Im Mo Kong, Kyung Don Baik, and Min Soo Kim, “Crossover effects of the land/channel width ratio of bipolar plates in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2014.
- Hsiang-Cheng Wang, Kung-Hsu Hou, Chen-En Lu, and Ming-Der Ger, “The study of electroplating trivalent Cr-C alloys coatings with different current density on stainless steel 304 as bipolar plate of proton exchange membrane fuel cells,” Thin Solid Films, 2014.
- Dionissios D. Papadias, Rajesh K. Ahluwalia, Jeffery K. Thomson, Harry M. Meyer, Michael P. Brady, Heli Wang, John A. Turner, Rangachary Mukundan, and Rod Borup, “Degradation of SS316L Bipolar Plates in Simulated Fuel Cell Environment: Corrosion Rate, Barrier Film Formation Kinetics and Contact Resistance,” Journal of Power Sources, 2014.
- Y. Yang, X. Ning, H. Tang, L. Guo, and H. Liu, “Effects of Potential on Corrosion Behavior of Uncoated SS316L Bipolar Plate in Simulated PEM Fuel Cell Cathode Environment,” Fuel Cells, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 868–875, 2014.
- Reza Taherian, “A review of composite and metallic bipolar plates in proton exchange membrane fuel cell: Materials, fabrication, and material selection,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 265, pp. 370–390, 2014.
- Amir Bolouri, and Chung Gil Kang, “Study on dimensional and corrosion properties of thixoformed A356 and AA7075 aluminum bipolar plates for proton exchange membrane fuel cells,” Renewable Energy, vol. 71, pp. 616–628, 2014.
- Linfa Peng, Peiyun Yi, and Xinmin Lai, “Design and manufacturing of stainless steel bipolar plates for proton exchange membrane fuel cells,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2014.
- Atinuke M. Oladoye, James G. Carton, and Abdul G. Olabi, “Evaluation of CoBlast Coated Titanium Alloy as Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Bipolar Plates,” Journal of Materials, vol. 2014, pp. 1–10, 2014.
- Kaijie Lin, Xiaoying Li, Linhai Tian, and Hanshan Dong, “Active screen plasma surface co-alloying of 316 austenitic stainless steel with both nitrogen and niobium for the application of bipolar plates in pro,” International Journal Of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 40, no. 32, pp. 10281–10292, 2015.
- Qian Yang, and Xu Jiang, “Properties of Zr Nanocrystalline Coating on Ti Alloy Bipolar Plates in Simulated PEMFC Environments,” Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 291–301, 2015.
- Marco Miotti, Johannes Hofer, and Christian Bauer, “Integrated environmental and economic assessment of current and future fuel cell vehicles,” The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 2015.
- Junye Wang, “Theory and practice of flow field designs for fuel cell scaling-up: A critical review,” Applied Energy, vol. 157, pp. 640–663, 2015.
- Kaijie Lin, Xiaoying Li, Linhai Tian, and Hanshan Dong, “Active screen plasma surface co-alloying treatments of 316 stainless steel with nitrogen and silver for fuel cell bipolar plates,” Surface and Coatings Technology, 2015.
- Hsiang-Cheng Wang, Hung-Hua Sheu, Chen-En Lu, Kung-Hsu Hou, and Ming-Der Ger, “Preparation of corrosion-resistant and conductive trivalent Cr–C coatings on 304 stainless steel for use as bipolar plates in proton exchange membrane fuel cells by electrodeposition,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 293, pp. 475–483, 2015.
- Nur Fawwaz Asri, Teuku Husaini, Abu Bakar Sulong, Edy Herianto Majlan, and Wan Ramli Wan Daud, “Coating of stainless steel and titanium bipolar plates for anticorrosion in PEMFC: A review,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2016.
- Chuanjie Wang, Shaoxi Xue, Gang Chen, Xiyuan Lin, Hongwei Liu, Huan Liu, and Peng Zhang, “Effect of Annealing on Mechanical Property and Formability of Cu/Al Clad Bipolar Plates in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells ,” Advanced Engineering Materials, 2016.
- Cheng Wang, Shubo Wang, Linfa Peng, Junliang Zhang, Zhigang Shao, Jun Huang, Chunwen Sun, Minggao Ouyang, and Xiangming He, “Recent Progress on the Key Materials and Components for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells in Vehicle Applications,” Energies, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 603, 2016.
- Ah-Reum Kim, Seungho Shin, and Sukkee Um, “Multidisciplinary approaches to metallic bipolar plate design with bypass flow fields through deformable gas diffusion media of polymer electrolyte fuel cells,” Energy, vol. 106, pp. 378–389, 2016.
- H. Haghighat Ghahfarokhi, A. Saatchi, and S. M. Monirvaghefi, “Corrosion Investigation of Chromium Nitride and Chromium Carbide Coatings for PEM Fuel Cell Bipolar Plates in Simulated Cathode Condition,” Fuel Cells, 2016.
- Kyungmun Kang, Sunghyun Park, Ahrae Jo, Kise Lee, and Hyunchul Ju, “Development of ultralight and thin bipolar plates using epoxy-carbon fiber prepregs and graphite composites,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2016.
- Kuikam Kwon, Doogon Kim, Yun Sik Kang, Sang Moon Kim, Sung Jong Yoo, and Chong Nam Chu, “PEMFC Performance with Metal Bipolar Plates Depending on the Channel Dimension,” MATEC Web of Conferences, vol. 51, pp. 03002, 2016.
- T. Sadhasivam, K. Dhanabalan, Sung-Hee Roh, Tae-Ho Kim, Kyung-Won Park, Seunghun Jung, Mahaveer D. Kurkuri, and Ho-Young Jung, “A comprehensive review on unitized regenerative fuel cells: Crucial challenges and developments,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2016.
- Yang Yu, Sayoko Shironita, Kunio Nakatsuyama, Kenichi Souma, and Minoru Umeda, “Surface composition effect of nitriding Ni-free stainless steel as bipolar plate of polymer electrolyte fuel cell,” Applied Surface Science, 2016.
- Wenbin Hao, Hongyan Ma, Zeyu Lu, Guoxing Sun, and Zongjin Li, “Design of magnesium phosphate cement based composite for high performance bipolar plate of fuel cells,” RSC Adv., vol. 6, no. 61, pp. 56711–56720, 2016.
- Robert Phillips, and Charles W. Dunnill, “Zero gap alkaline electrolysis cell design for renewable energy storage as hydrogen gas,” RSC Adv., vol. 6, no. 102, pp. 100643–100651, 2016.
- O.A. Alo, I.O. Otunniyi, HCvZ Pienaar, and S.E. Iyuke, “Materials for Bipolar Plates in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell: Performance Criteria and Current Benchmarks,” Procedia Manufacturing, vol. 7, pp. 395–401, 2016.
- Sung-Ying Tsai, Chien-Hung Lin, Yu-Jhan Jian, Kung-Hsu Hou, and Ming-Der Ger, “The fabrication and characteristics of electroless nickel and immersion Au-polytetrafluoroethylene composite coating on aluminum alloy 5052 as bipolar plate,” Surface and Coatings Technology, 2017.