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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 728675, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/728675
Research Article

Synthesis and Characterization of Acrylamide-Based Anionic Copolymer and Investigation of Solution Properties

Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute, P.O. Box 14965/115, Tehran, Iran

Received 11 January 2014; Revised 17 June 2014; Accepted 17 June 2014; Published 21 July 2014

Academic Editor: Luigi Nicolais

Copyright © 2014 H. Jamshidi and A. Rabiee. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The copolymer of acrylamide (AM) and 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulfonic acid (AMPS) was synthesized through radical solution polymerization by potassium persulfate as initiator. By changing the AMPS feed ratio from 10 to 70%, and keeping other reaction conditions constant, different copolymers were synthesized. The techniques of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (1H- 13C-NMR) spectroscopy were used for identification of functional groups and confirmation of copolymers’ structure. Intrinsic and apparent viscosity of samples were measured in aqueous sodium chloride solution under standard conditions. The anionic degree of copolymers was determined by back titration method and by 13C-NMR spectroscopy. Molecular weight of copolymers was determined by the Mark-Houwink relationship. The measured molecular weight of samples showed that we have acquired a high molecular weight product. The effect of different range of shear rates on solution viscosity was evaluated. The copolymer solutions showed non-Newtonian shear thinning behavior. The performance of copolymers with respect to shear resistance and molecular weight was evaluated from industry application standpoint.