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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 902307, 9 pages
Research Article

Utilization of Recycled Concrete Aggregates in Stone Mastic Asphalt Mixtures

Center for Transportation Research (CTR), Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya (UM), 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received 1 October 2014; Revised 26 November 2014; Accepted 28 November 2014; Published 17 December 2014

Academic Editor: You Song

Copyright © 2014 Mohammad Saeed Pourtahmasb and Mohamed Rehan Karim. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) is considered as one of the largest wastes in the entire world which is produced by demolishing concrete structures such as buildings, bridges, and dams. It is the intention of scientists and researchers, as well as people in authority, to explore waste material recycling for environmental and economic advantages. The current paper presents an experimental research on the feasibility of reusing RCA in stone mastic asphalt (SMA) mixtures as a partial replacement of coarse and fine aggregates. The engineering properties of SMA mixtures containing RCA have been evaluated for different percentages of binders based on the Marshall mix design method. The outcomes were statistically analyzed using two-factor analysis of variance (ANOVA). Test results revealed that the performance of SMA mixtures is affected by RCA due to higher porosity and absorption of RCA in comparison with virgin granite aggregates. However, the engineering properties of SMA mixtures containing a particular amount of RCA showed the acceptable trends and could satisfy the standard requirements. Moreover, to achieve desirable performance characteristics, more caution should be made on properties of SMA mixtures containing RCA.