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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 918906, 7 pages
Research Article

Prediction of Three-Dimensional Milling Forces Based on Finite Element

1School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
2School of Traffic and Mechanical Engineering, Shenyang Jianzhu University, Shenyang 110168, China
3Liaoning Guidaojiaotong Polytechnic Institute, Shenyang, Liaoning 110023, China

Received 15 April 2014; Revised 16 July 2014; Accepted 11 August 2014; Published 28 October 2014

Academic Editor: Charles C. Sorrell

Copyright © 2014 Lida Zhu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The model of milling force is mainly proposed to predict and analyze the cutting process based on finite element method in this paper. Firstly, milling finite element model is given based on orthogonal cutting principle, and then the influence laws of cutting parameters on chip formation are analyzed by using different simulation parameters. In addition, the three-dimensional milling forces are obtained from finite element models. Finally, the values of milling force by the milling experiment are also compared and analyzed with the simulation values to verify the feasibility and reasonability. It can be shown that milling forces match well between simulation and experiment results, which can provide many good basic data and analysis methods to optimize the machining parameters, reduce tool wear, and improve the workpiece surface roughness and adapt to the programming strategy of high speed machining.