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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 165257, 16 pages
Review Article

Preparation of Silver Nanoparticles and Their Industrial and Biomedical Applications: A Comprehensive Review

Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Republic of Korea

Received 1 July 2014; Accepted 16 September 2014

Academic Editor: Mangala P. Singh

Copyright © 2015 Adnan Haider and Inn-Kyu Kang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) have diverted the attention of the scientific community and industrialist itself due to their wide range of applications in industry for the preparation of consumer products and highly accepted application in biomedical fields (especially their efficacy against microbes, anti-inflammatory effects, and wound healing ability). The governing factor for their potent efficacy against microbes is considered to be the various mechanisms enabling it to prevent microbial proliferation and their infections. Furthermore a number of new techniques have been developed to synthesize Ag-NPs with controlled size and geometry. In this review, various synthetic routes adapted for the preparation of the Ag-NPs, the mechanisms involved in its antimicrobial activity, its importance/application in commercial as well as biomedical fields, and possible application in future have been discussed in detail.