Table 4: Particle distribution peak value and Zeta-Potential peak value of metals in the case of different discharge parameters.

MaterialDischarge parametersParticle distribution peak valueZeta-Potential peak value

Silver30 : 5040 nm−35 mV
30 : 3038 nm−32 mV
500 : 3041 nm−43 mV

Copper10 : 300198 nm−24 mV
10 : 10148 nm−28 mV
300 : 10128 nm−32 mV

Titanium10 : 300110 nm−42 mV
10 : 10128 nm−43 mV
300 : 10128 nm−40 mV