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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 6096123, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6096123
Research Article

Effect of the Precipitating Agent on the Synthesis and Sintering Behavior of 20 mol Sm-Doped Ceria

1Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Via G. Di Biasio 43, 03043 Cassino, Italy
2National Interuniversity Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Via G. Giusti 9, 50121 Florence, Italy
3Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Trento, Via Sommarive 9, 38123 Trento, Italy

Received 8 August 2016; Accepted 31 October 2016

Academic Editor: David Houivet

Copyright © 2016 Luca Spiridigliozzi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Nanocrystalline 20 mol% samaria-doped ceria powders (Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9) were synthesized by coprecipitation techniques using various precipitating agents in aqueous solution: ammonia, ammonium carbonate, tetramethylammonium hydroxide, and urea. The synthesized powders after calcination at 600°C possess a fluorite structure with nanometric size although they are characterized by a very different morphology and degree of agglomeration. Remarkable differences appear in the sintering behavior, especially because of the presence of hard agglomerates. The precipitating agent has therefore a crucial role in the coprecipitation process, which influences the morphology of the powders and in turn the sintering behavior. The obtained results clearly reveal that ammonium carbonate and urea are the best precipitating agents to obtain final dense products after sintering.