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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 7517616, 9 pages
Research Article

Study of the Mechanical Properties of a Nanostructured Surface Layer on 316L Stainless Steel

1School of Science, Inner Mongolia University of Technology, Hohhot 010051, China
2The Sixth Academy of China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation, Hohhot 010050, China
3School of Civil Engineering, Inner Mongolia University of Technology, Hohhot 010051, China

Received 11 October 2015; Accepted 5 May 2016

Academic Editor: Massimiliano Barletta

Copyright © 2016 F. C. Lang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A nanostructured surface layer (NSSL) was generated on a 316L stainless steel plate through surface nanocrystallization (SNC). The grains of the surface layer were refined to nanoscale after SNC treatment. Moreover, the microstructure and mechanical properties of NSSL were analyzed with a transmission electron microscope (TEM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM), through nanoindentation, and through reverse analysis of finite element method (FEM). TEM results showed that the grains in the NSSL measured 8 nm. In addition, these nanocrystalline grains took the form of random crystallographic orientation and were roughly equiaxed in shape. In situ SEM observations of the tensile process confirmed that the motions of the dislocations were determined from within the material and that the motions were blocked by the NSSL, thus improving overall yielding stress. Meanwhile, the nanohardness and the elastic modulus of the NSSL, as well as those of the matrix, were obtained with nanoindentation technology. The reverse analysis of FEM was conducted with MARC software, and the process of nanoindentation on the NSSL and the matrix was simulated. The plastic mechanical properties of NSSL can be derived from the simulation by comparing the results of the simulation and of actual nanoindentation.