Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 9401427, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9401427
Research Article

Experimental Investigation for Tensile Performance of GFRP-Steel Hybridized Rebar

Structural Engineering Research Institute (SERI), Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology (KICT), Goyang 10223, Republic of Korea

Received 23 October 2015; Accepted 14 January 2016

Academic Editor: Francesco Delogu

Copyright © 2016 Dong-Woo Seo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. American Concrete Institute (ACI), “State-of-the-art report on fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) reinforcement for concrete structures,” ACI 440R-96, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  2. Pultrall Inc, Product Guide Specification, 2001, http://www.pultrall.com.
  3. Korea Institute of Construction Technology (KICT), Design and Construction Technology for Concrete Structures Using Advanced Composite Materials: FRP Rebars and Grids, Korea Research Council of Public Science and Technology, 2004 (Korean).
  4. Y. J. You, K. T. Park, D. W. Seo, and J. H. Hwang, “Tensile strength of GFRP reinforcing bars with hollow section,” Advances in Material Science and Engineering, vol. 2015, Article ID 621546, 8 pages, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  5. K. D. Jones and A. T. DiBenedetto, “Fiber fracture in hybrid composite systems,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 53–62, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. Kretsis, “A review of the tensile, compressive, flexural and shear properties of hybrid fibre-reinforced plastics,” Composites, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 13–23, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. E. Bakis, A. Nanni, J. A. Terosky, and S. W. Koehler, “Self-monitoring, pseudo-ductile, hybrid FRP reinforcement rods for concrete applications,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 815–823, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. Taerwe, Non-Metallic (FRP) Reinforcement for Concrete Structures: Proceedings of the Second International RILEM Symposium, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 1995.
  9. X. Wang and Z. Wu, “Integrated high-performance thousand-metre scale cable-stayed bridge with hybrid FRP cables,” Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 166–175, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. X. Wang and Z. Wu, “Evaluation of FRP and hybrid FRP cables for super long-span cable-stayed bridges,” Composite Structures, vol. 92, no. 10, pp. 2582–2590, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. X. Wang, Z. Wu, G. Wu, H. Zhu, and F. Zen, “Enhancement of basalt FRP by hybridization for long-span cable-stayed bridge,” Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 184–192, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. Wu, Z.-S. Wu, Y.-B. Luo, Z.-Y. Sun, and X.-Q. Hu, “Mechanical properties of steel-frp composite bar under uniaxial and cyclic tensile loads,” ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 22, no. 10, Article ID 010010QMT, pp. 1056–1066, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Z. S. Wu, Y. X. Shao, K. Iwashita, and K. Sakamoto, “Strengthening of preloaded RC beams using hybrid carbon sheets,” Journal of Composites for Construction, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 299–307, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Z. Wu, X. Wang, K. Iwashita, T. Sasaki, and Y. Hamaguchi, “Tensile fatigue behaviour of FRP and hybrid FRP sheets,” Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 396–402, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. T. C. Rousakis, K. B. Kouravelou, and T. K. Karachalios, “Effects of carbon nanotube enrichment of epoxy resins on hybrid FRP—FR confinement of concrete,” Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 57, pp. 210–218, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. T. C. Rousakis, “Hybrid confinement of concrete by FRP sheets and fiber ropes under cyclic axial compressive loading,” ASCE Journal of Composites for Construction, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 732–743, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. A. Nanni, T. Okamoto, M. Tanigaki, and S. Osakada, “Tensile properties of braided FRP rods for concrete reinforcement,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 121–129, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Nanni, M. J. Henneke, and T. Okamoto, “Tensile properties of hybrid rods for concrete reinforcement,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 27–34, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. Nanni, M. J. Henneke, and T. Okamoto, “Behaviour of concrete beams with hybrid reinforcement,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 89–95, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. M. S. Cheung and T. K. C. Tsang, “Behaviour of concrete beams reinforced with hybrid FRP composite rebar,” Advances in Structural Engineering, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 81–93, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J.-P. Won, C.-G. Park, S.-J. Lee, and B.-T. Hong, “Durability of hybrid FRP reinforcing bars in concrete structures exposed to marine environments,” International Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 4, no. 1-2, pp. 63–74, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J.-P. Won and C.-G. Park, “Effect of environmental exposure on the mechanical and bonding properties of hybrid FRP reinforcing bars for concrete structures,” Journal of Composite Materials, vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 1063–1076, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J.-P. Won, C.-G. Park, and C.-I. Jang, “Tensile fracture and bond properties of ductile hybrid FRP reinforcing bars,” Polymers and Polymer Composites, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 9–16, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. W. Seo, K. T. Park, Y. J. You, and J. H. Hwang, “Evaluation for tensile performance of recently developed FRP hybrid bars,” International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 631–637, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  25. Korea Institute of Construction Technology (KICT), http://www.kict.re.kr/.
  26. Y.-J. You, Y.-H. Park, H.-Y. Kim, and J.-S. Park, “Hybrid effect on tensile properties of FRP rods with various material compositions,” Composite Structures, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 117–122, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. ASLAN, http://www.aslanfrp.com/.
  28. V-Rod, http://www.vrod.ca.
  29. A. L. Kalamkarov, A. V. Georgiades, D. O. MacDonald, and S. B. Fitzgerald, “Pultruded fibre reinforced polymer reinforcements with embedded fibre optic sensors,” Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 972–984, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. ISIS Canada, Design Manual 3: Reinforcing Concrete Structures with Fiber Reinforced Polymers, The Canadian Network of Centers of Excellence on Intelligent Sensing for Innovative Structures, 2001.
  31. Z. Wang, Y. Goto, and O. Joh, “Bond strength of various types of fiber reinforced plastic rods,” in Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Fiber Reinforced Polymer Reinforcement for Reinforced Concrete Structures, Baltimore, Md, USA, October 1999.
  32. F. K. Ko, W. Somboonsong, and H. G. Harris, “Fiber architecture based design of ductile composite rebars for concrete structures,” in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference of Composite Materials, Gold Coast, Australia, 1997.
  33. M. S. Ahmadi, M. S. Johari, M. Sadighi, and M. Esfandeh, “An experimental study on mechanical properties of GFRP braid-pultruded composite rods,” eXPRESS Polymer Letters, vol. 3, no. 9, pp. 560–568, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. Korea Institute of Construction Technology (KICT), Design and Construction Technology for Concrete Structures Using Advanced Composite Materials, Korea Institute of Construction Technology (KICT), Goyang, South Korea, 2006 (Korean).
  35. Owens Corning, http://www.owenscorning.co.kr/.
  36. ASTM, “Standard test method for tensile properties of pultruded glass-fiber-reinforced plastic rods,” ASTM D3916, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  37. CSA, Test Method for Tensile Properties of FRP Reinforcement, Canadian Standard Association, Ontario, Canada, 2002.
  38. CSA, “Design and construction of building structures with fibre-reinforced polymers,” CAN/CSA S806-12, Canadian Standards Association, National Standard of Canada, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  39. D. W. Seo, K. T. Park, Y. J. You, and H. Y. Kim, “Enhancement in elastic modulus of GFRP bars by material hybridization,” Engineering, vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 865–869, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  40. L. Malvar and J. Bish, “Grip effects in tensile testing of FRP bars, nonmetallic (FRP) reinforcement for concrete structures,” in Proceedings of the International RILEM Symposium, pp. 108–115, Ghent, Belgium, August 1995.