Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 1343947, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1343947
Research Article

Carbonation of Water Repellent-Treated Concrete

1Center for Durability & Sustainability Studies, Qingdao University of Technology, Qingdao 266033, China
2Institute of Concrete Structures and Building Materials, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe 76131, Germany

Correspondence should be addressed to Peng Zhang; moc.361@1220phz and Huaishuai Shang; moc.nuyila@iauhsiauhgnahs

Received 1 July 2017; Revised 30 September 2017; Accepted 22 October 2017; Published 17 December 2017

Academic Editor: Enzo Martinelli

Copyright © 2017 Peng Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Vries, R. B. Polder, and H. Borsje, “Durability of hydrophobic treatment of concrete,” pp. 77–90, Aedificatio Publishers, September 1998. View at Google Scholar
  2. P. Zhang, Y. Cong, M. Vogel et al., “Steel reinforcement corrosion in concrete under combined actions: the role of freeze-thaw cycles, chloride ingress, and surface impregnation,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 148, pp. 113–121, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. P. Zhang, P. G. Wang, D. S. Hou, Z. L. Liu, M. Haist, and T. Zhao, “Application of neutron radiography in observing and quantifying the time-dependent moisture distributions in multi-cracked cement-based composites,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 78, pp. 13–20, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. P. K. Hou, X. Cheng, J. S. Qian, and S. P. Shah, “Effects and mechanisms of surface treatment of hardened cement-based materials with colloidal nanoSiO2 and its precursor,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 53, pp. 66–73, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. Schrofl, V. Mechtcherine, A. Kaestner, P. Vontobel, J. Hovind, and E. Lehmann, “Transport of water through strain-hardening cement-based composite (SHCC) applied on top of cracked reinforced concrete slabs with and without hydrophobization of cracks–investigation by neutron radiography,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 76, pp. 70–86, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. G. Dai, Y. Akira, F. H. Wittmann, H. Yokota, and P. Zhang, “Water repellent surface impregnation for extension of service life of reinforced concrete structures in marine environments: the role of cracks,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 101–109, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. Zhang, H. Shang, D. Hou, S. Guo, and T. Zhao, “The effect of water repellent surface impregnation on durability of cement-based materials,” Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 2017, Article ID 8260103, 9 pages, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. X. Y. Pan, Z. G. Shi, C. J. Shi, T. Ling, and N. Li, “A review on concrete surface treatment. Part I: types and mechanisms,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 132, pp. 578–590, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. R. B. Polder, H. Borsje, and H. de Vries, “Prevention of reinforcement corrosion by hydrophobic treatment of concrete,” Heron, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 227–238, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  10. F. H. Wittmann, T. A. J. M. Siemes, and L. G. W. Verhoef, Hydrophobe I, TU Delft, Delft, Netherlands, 1995.
  11. F. H. Wittmann and A. Gerdes, Hydrophobe II, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland, 1998.
  12. K. Littmann and A. E. Charola, Hydrophobe III, University of Hannover, Hannover, Germany, 2001.
  13. J. Silfwerbrand, Hydrophobe IV, Stockholm, Sweden, 2005.
  14. H. De Clercq and A. E. Charola, Hydrophobe V, KIK-IRPA, Brussels, Belgium, 2008.
  15. E. Borrelli and V. Fassina, Hydrophobe VI, Rome, Italy, 2011.
  16. J.-M. Mimoso, Hydrophobe VII, Lisbon, Portugal, 2014.
  17. J. G. Dai, H. Yokota, and T. J. Zhao, Hydrophobe VIII, Hong Kong, 2017.
  18. J. Heinrichs, S. Schmeiser, and A. Gerdes, “Numerical simulation of the influence of water repellent treatment on carbonation of concrete,” pp. 27–44, Aedificatio Publishers, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  19. A. Gerdes, “Transport und chemische Reaktion siliziumorganischer Overindulgent in der Betonrandzone,” Aedificatio Verlag, Freiburg, Germany, 2001, Building Materials Rep. No. 15. View at Google Scholar
  20. L. Courard and V. Lucquiaud, “Influence of hydrophobic treatments applications on the concrete carbonation delay,” pp. 403-404, RILEM Publications, May 2017. View at Google Scholar
  21. E. De Witte, H. De Clerq, A. De Bruyn, and R. Pien, “Systematic testing of water repellent agents,” pp. 1–10, Delft University of Technology, November 1995. View at Google Scholar
  22. S. J. Meier and M. F. Bäuml, “Internal impregnation of concrete by means of silanes,” Restoration of Buildings and Monuments, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 43–52, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. H. Zhan, F. H. Wittmann, and T. Zhao, “Relation between the silicon resin profiles in water repellent concrete and the effectiveness as a chloride barrier,” Restoration of Buildings and Monuments, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 35–45, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  24. GB/T 50082-2009, Standard for Test Methods of Long-term Performance and Durability of Ordinary Concrete, Ministry of Construction, Beijing, China, 2009.
  25. ISO 15148, Hygrothermal Performance of Building Materials and Products—Determination of Water Absorption Coefficient by Partial Immersion, ISO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2002.
  26. V. Spaeth and M. P. Delplancke-Ogletree, “Hydration and microstructure development of integral water repellent cement based materials,” pp. 245–254, Aedificatio Publishers, April 2008. View at Google Scholar
  27. Y. F. Houst, “The role of moisture in the carbonation of cementitious materials,” Internationale Zeitschrift für Bauinstandsetzen, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 49–66, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  28. D. Russell, P. A. Basheer, G. I. Rankin, and A. E. Long, “Effect of relative humidity and air permeability on prediction of the rate of carbonation of concrete,” Structures and Buildings, vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 319–326, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. H. Cahyadi and T. Uomoto, “Influence of environmental relative humidity on carbonation of concrete,” E&FN Spon, September 1993. View at Google Scholar
  30. P. Zhang, F. H. Wittmann, T. J. Zhao, and E. H. Lehmann, “Neutron imaging of water penetration into cracked steel reinforced concrete,” Physica B-Condensed Matter, vol. 405, no. 7, pp. 1866–1871, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. Z. Kersner, B. Teply, and D. Novák, “Uncertainty in service life prediction based on carbonation of concrete,” pp. 13–20, E & FN Spon, May 1996. View at Google Scholar
  32. V. G. Papadakis, M. N. Fardis, and G. G. Vayenas, “Effect of composition, environmental factors and cement-lime coating on concrete carbonation,” Materials and Structures, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 293–304, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. Steffens, D. Dinkler, and H. Ahrens, “Modeling carbonation for corrosion risk prediction of concrete structures,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 935–941, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. Y. F. Houst and F. H. Wittmann, “Depth profiles of carbonates formed during natural carbonation,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 1923–1930, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus