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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 3240959, 9 pages
Research Article

Interactive Relationship between Silver Ions and Silver Nanoparticles with PVA Prepared by the Submerged Arc Discharge Method

1Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei 10608, Taiwan
2Materials Chemistry, Warsaw University of Technology, Warynskiego 1, 00-645 Warsaw, Poland

Correspondence should be addressed to Kuo-Hsiung Tseng;

Received 5 June 2017; Revised 12 October 2017; Accepted 9 November 2017; Published 11 January 2018

Academic Editor: Claudio Pettinari

Copyright © 2018 Kuo-Hsiung Tseng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study uses the submerged arc discharge method (SADM) and the concentrated energy of arc to melt silver metal in deionized water (DW) so as to prepare metal fluid with nanoparticles and submicron particles. The process is free from any chemical agent; it is rapid and simple, and rapid and mass production is available (0.5 L/min). Aside from the silver nanoparticle (Ag0), silver ions (Ag+) exist in the colloidal Ag prepared by the system. In the preparation of colloidal Ag, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is used as an additive so that the Ag0/Ag+ concentration, arcing rate, peak, and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) images in the cases with and without PVA can be analyzed. The findings show that the Ag0/Ag+ concentration increases with the addition level of PVA, while the nano-Ag and Ag+ electrode arcing rate rises. The UV-Vis absorption peak increases Ag0 absorbance and shifts as the dispersity increases with PVA addition. Lastly, with PVA addition, the proposed method can prepare smaller and more amounts of Ag0 nanoparticles, distributed uniformly. PVA possesses many distinct features such as cladding, dispersion, and stability.