Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 4656424, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4656424
Research Article

Effect of Copper and Iron Ions on the Sulphidizing Flotation of Copper Oxide in Copper Smelting Slag

1School of Resource and Environment, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 200245, China
2School of Mechanical, Shanghai Dianji University, Shanghai 201306, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Qing-qing Pan; nc.ude.ujds@qqnap

Received 13 October 2017; Revised 6 December 2017; Accepted 4 January 2018; Published 11 March 2018

Academic Editor: Jun Liu

Copyright © 2018 Qing-qing Pan and Hui-qing Peng. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Zhang, Y.-H. Qi, D.-L. Yan, and H.-C. Xu, “A new technology for copper slag reduction to get molten iron and copper matte,” Journal of Iron and Steel Research, International, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 396–401, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H.-C. Gan, “Investigation and practicality of beneficiation for Daye Ruolanda furnace slag,” Hunan Metallurgy, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 28–34, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  3. H.-J. Huang, “A new technology for crystal phase regulating flotation of copper-containing slag,” Nonferrous Metals, vol. 6, pp. 16–19, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  4. F. Jiang, H.-J. Huang, W. Sun, R.-Q. Liu, and Y. Xiong, “Comparative experimental research on flotation of copper from different copper slag,” Nonferrous Metals, vol. 6, pp. 60–63, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  5. L. Liu, H.-J. Yan, J.-M. Zhou et al., “Mechanism of copper smelting process by oxygen bottom blowing and microanalysis of smelting products,” Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 2116–2124, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  6. L. Y Chai, J.-X. Wu, Y.-J. Wu, C.-B. Tang, and W.-C. Yang, “Environmental risk assessment on slag and iron-rich matte produced from reducing-matting smelting of lead-bearing wastes and iron-rich wastes,” Transaction of Nonferrous Metal Society of China, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 3429–3435, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Rozendaal and R. Horn, “Textural, mineralogical and chemical characteristics of copper reverb furnace smelter slag of the Okiep Copper District, South Africa,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 52, pp. 184–190, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. C. Corin, M. Kalichini, C. T. O’Connor, and S. Simukanga, “The recovery of oxide copper minerals from a complex copper ore by sulphidisation,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 102, pp. 15–17, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P.-R. Wang, H.-X. Dai, G.-Y. Xu, and Q.-H. Hu, “Research and application status on activators of floating oxide copper ores,” Mining & Metallurgy, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 15–17, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  10. S. Roy, A. Datta, and S. Rehani, “Flotation of copper sulphide from copper smelter slag using multiple collectors and their mixtures,” International Journal of Mineral Processing, vol. 143, pp. 43–49, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Jarosíkova, V. Ettler, M. Mihaljevi, B. Kríbek, and B. Mapani, “The pH-dependent leaching behavior of slags from various stages of a copper smelting process: environmental implications,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 187, pp. 178–186, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. O. James and T. W. J. Healy, “Adsorption of hydrolyzable metal ions at the oxide-water interface I: Co (II) adsorption on SiO2 and TiO2 as model systems,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 42–52, 1972. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. Fornasiero and J. Ralston, “Cu (II) and Ni (II) activation in the flotation of quartz lizardite and chlorite,” International Journal of Miner Process, vol. 76, no. 1-2, pp. 75–81, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  14. Q.-C. Feng, W.-J. Zhao, S.-M. Wen, and Q.-B. Cao, “Copper sulfide species formed on malachite surfaces in relation to flotation,” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 48, pp. 125–132, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M.-A. Wei and C.-Y. Sun, “Influence of metal cations in pulp to chalcopyrite and galena floatability,” Nonferrous Metals, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 92–95, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  16. Z.-T. Yuan, Q.-D. Zhang, and J.-T. Liu, “Influence and mechanism of metal ions on flotation of molybdenite,” Journal of Northeastern University, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 1013–1016, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  17. J.-S. Deng, S.-M. Wen, J. Liu, D.-D. Wu, and Q.-I. Feng, “Adsorption and activation of copper ions on chalcopyrite surfaces: a new viewpoint of self-activation,” Transaction of Nonferrous Metal Society of China, vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 3955–3963, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J.-S. Deng, S.-M. Wen, Y.-J. Xian, J. Liu, and S.-J. Bai, “New discovery of unavoidable ions source in chalcopyrite flotation pulp: fluid inclusions,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 42, pp. 22–28, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Q.-C. Feng, S.-M. Wen, W.-J. Zhao, J.-S. Deng, and Y.-J. Xian, “Adsorption of sulfide ions on cerussite surfaces and implications for flotation,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 360, pp. 365–372, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Zhang, W.-Q. Wang, J. Liu, Y. Huang, Q.-M. Feng, and Z. Hong, “Fe (III) as an activator for the flotation of spodumene, albite, and quartz minerals,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 61, pp. 16–22, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Q.-C. Feng and S.-M. Wen, “Formation of zinc sulfide species on smithsonite surfaces and its response to flotation performance,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 709, pp. 602–608, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Q.-C. Feng, S.-M. Wen, J.-S. Deng, and W.-J. Zhao, “DFT study on the interaction between hydrogen sulfide ions and cerussite (110) surface,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 396, pp. 920–925, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Q.-M. Feng, G.-S. Liu, Z.-J. Yu, Y.-P. Lu, L.-M. Ou, and G.-F. Zhang, “Influence and mechanism of ferric and ferrous ions on flotation of talc,” Journal of Central South University of Science and Technology, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 476–480, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  24. G.-F. Zhang, S.-P. Jiang, Q.-M. Feng, and B.-F. Zhang, “Surface sulfidization of zinc minerals in solution system,” Journal of Central South University of Science and Technology, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 851–859, 2017. View at Google Scholar
  25. Q.-C. Feng, S.-M. Wen, and W.-J. Zhao, “Contribution of chloride ions to the sulfidization flotation of cerussite,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 83, pp. 128–135, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D.-Z. Wang and Y.-H. Hu, Solution Chemistry of Flotation, Hunan Science and Technology Press, Changsha, China, 1988.
  27. Z.-W. Yan, H.-L. Liu, and S.-X. Li, “Study on several problems of hydrochemistry,” Shandong Land and Resources, vol. 29, no. 10-11, pp. 103–106, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  28. Z.-W. Yan and Z.-W. Zhang, “The effect of chloride on the solubility of calcite and dolomite,” Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, vol. 1, pp. 113–118, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  29. X. Wu, L. Lv, and D.-Y. Xu, “Experimental investigation of the reaction of S2− and Fe3+ in alkaline medium,” Chinese Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 5, pp. 66-67, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  30. R. S. C. Smart, W. M. Skinner, and A. R. Gerson, “XPS of sulphide mineral surfaces: metal-deficient, polysulphides, defects and elemental sulphur,” Surface and Interface Analysis, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 101–105, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. J. Liu, S.-M. Wen, Y.-J. Xian, and J.-S. Deng, “Dissolubility and surface properties of a natural sphalerite in aqueous solution,” Minerals Metal Process, vol. 29, pp. 113–120, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  32. X.-M. Chen, Y.-J. Peng, and D. Bradshaw, “The separation of chalcopyrite and chalcocite from pyrite in cleaner flotation after regrinding,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 58, pp. 64–72, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. He, D. Fornasiero, and W. Skinner, “Correlation between copper-activated pyrite flotation and surface species: effect of pulp oxidation potential,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1208–1213, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. F.-X. Li, H. Zhong, H.-F. Xu, H. Jia, and G.-Y. Liu, “Flotation behavior and adsorption mechanism of α-hydroxyoctyl phosphinic acid to malachite,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 71, pp. 188–193, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. G.-Y. Liu, Y.-G. Huang, X.-Y. Qu, J.-J. Xiao, X.-L. Yang, and Z.-H. Xu, “Understanding the hydrophobic mechanism of 3-hexyl-4-amino-1, 2,4-triazole-5-thione to malachite by ToF-SIMS, XPS, FTIR, contact angle, zeta potential and micro-flotation,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 503, pp. 34–42, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. G. A. Rober, L. H. Sarah, A. B. David, and X. P. S. Synchrotron, “NEXAFS, and ToF-SIMS studies of solution exposed chalcopyrite and heterogeneous chalcopyrite with pyrite,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 23, no. 11–13, pp. 928–936, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  37. J. Mielczarski, “XPS study of ethyl xanthate adsorption on oxidized surface of cuprous sulfide,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 120, no. 1, pp. 201–209, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. W. M. Skinner, C. A. Prestidge, and R. S. C. Smart, “Irradiation effects during XPS studies of Cu(I1) activation of zinc sulphide,” Surface and Interface Analysis, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 620–626, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. S. Liu, G.-Y Liu, H. Zhong, and X.-L. Yang, “The role of HABTC’s hydroxamate and dithiocarbamate groups in chalcopyrite flotation,” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 52, pp. 359–368, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. P. Velasquez, J. R. Ramos-Barrado, R. Cordova, and D. Leinen, “XPS analysis of an electrochemically modified electrode surface of natural enargite,” Surface and Interface Analysis, vol. 30, pp. 149–153, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  41. L. H. Sarah, E. T. Joan, F. Daniel, and R. G. Andrea, “The evolution of surface layers formed during chalcopyrite leaching,” Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 70, no. 17, pp. 4392–4402, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  42. S. C. Termes, A. N. Buckley, and R. D. Gillard, “2p electron binding energies for the sulfur atoms in metal polysulfides,” Inorganica Chimica Acta, vol. 126, no. 1, pp. 79–82, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus