Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2018, Article ID 5271324, 15 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5271324
Research Article

Evaluation of Carbonation Effects on Cement-Solidified Contaminated Soil Used in Road Subgrade

1Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Geomechanics and Embankment Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
2Geotechnical Research Institute, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
3Institute of Geotechnical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009, China
4School of Rail Transportation, Soochow University, Suzhou 215131, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Qiang Tang; nc.ude.adus@gnaiqgnat

Received 8 October 2017; Accepted 7 December 2017; Published 4 February 2018

Academic Editor: Estokova Adriana

Copyright © 2018 Yundong Zhou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Q. Tang, X. W. Tang, M. M. Hu, Z. Z. Li, Y. M. Chen, and P. Lou, “Removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solution with activated Firmiana Simplex Leaf: behaviors and affecting factors,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 79, no. 1–3, pp. 95–103, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Q. Tang, T. Katsumi, T. Inui, and Z. Z. Li, “Membrane behavior of bentonite amended compacted clay,” Soils and Foundations, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 329–344, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Q. Tang, HJ. Kim, K. Endo, T. Katsumi, and T. Inui, “Size effect on lysimeter test evaluating the properties of construction and demolition waste leachate,” Soils and Foundations, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 720–736, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Q. Tang, T. Katsumi, T. Inui, and Z. Z. Li, “Membrane behavior of bentonite-amended compacted clay towards Zn(II) and Pb(II),” Membrane Water Treatment, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 393–409, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. Escarré, C. Lefèbvre, S. Raboyeau et al., “Heavy metal concentration survey in soils and plants of the Les Malines Mining District (Southern France): implications for soil restoration,” Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, vol. 216, no. 1–4, pp. 485–504, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. A. Seleznev and I. V. Yarmoshenko, “Study of urban puddle sediments for understanding heavy metal pollution in an urban environment,” Environmental Technology & Innovation, vol. 1-2, pp. 1–7, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. CosKun, E. Steinnes, and M. Viladimirovna, “Heavy metal pollution of surface soil in the Thrace region, Turkey,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 119, no. 1–3, pp. 545–556, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. N. T. H. Ha, M. Sakakibara, S. Sano, and M. T. Nhuan, “Uptake of metals and metalloids by plants growing in a lead–zinc mine area, Northern Vietnam,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 186, no. 2-3, pp. 1384–1391, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. W. H. Zhang, W. U. Ying-Xin, and M. O. Simonnot, “Soil contamination due to e-waste disposal and recycling activities: a review with special focus on China,” Pedosphere, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 434–455, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Q. Tang, Y. Liu, F. Gu, and T. Zhou, “Solidification/stabilization of fly ash from a municipal solid waste incineration facility using Portland cement,” Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 2016, Article ID 7101243, 10 pages, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Q. Tang, Y. Zhang, Y. F. Gao, and F. Gu, “Use of cement-chelated solidified MSWI fly ash for pavement material: mechanical and environmental evaluations,” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, vol. 54, no. 11, pp. 1553–1566, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. A. Bochenek and W. Kurdowski, “Influence of zinc phase on the properties of Portland cement,” Cement Wapno Beton, vol. 18, pp. 52–58, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  13. C. Gu, Y. Liu, D. B. Liu et al., “Distribution and ecological assessment of heavy metals in irrigation channel sediments in a typical rural area of south China,” Ecological Engineering, vol. 90, pp. 466–472, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Kasassi, P. Rakimbei, and A. Karagiannidis, “Soil contamination by heavy metals: measurements from a closed unlined landfill,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 99, no. 18, pp. 8578–8584, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. K. Krishna, K. Rama Mohan, N. N. Murthy et al., “Assessment of heavy metal contamination in soils around chromite mining areas, Nuggihalli, Karnataka,” Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 699–708, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Ministry of Environmental Protection; Ministry of Land and Resources, National Soil Pollution Survey Bulletin, PRC, London, UK, 2014, http://www.zhb.gov.cn/gkml/hbb/qt/201404/t20140417_270670.htm.
  17. C. Vandecasteele, V. Dutré, D. Geysen, and G. Wauters, “Solidification/stabilisation of arsenic bearing fly ash from the metallurgical industry. Immobilisation mechanism of arsenic,” Waste Management, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 143–146, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. Dermatas, D. H. Moon, N. Menounou, X. Meng, and R. Hires, “An evaluation of arsenic release from monolithic solids using a modified semi-dynamic leaching test,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 116, no. 1-2, pp. 25–38, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. F. Rosquoet, L. Thorel, J. Garnier, and Y. Canepa, “Lateral cyclic loading of sand-installed piles,” Soils and Foundations, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 821–832, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. W. Ashraf, “Carbonation of cement-based materials: challenges and opportunities,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 120, pp. 558–570, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. Fabbri, J. Corvisier, A. Schubnel, F. Brunet, B. Goffé, and G. Rimmele, “Effect of carbonation on the hydro-mechanical properties of Portland cements,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 1156–1163, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. P. J. Gunning, C. D. Hills, and P. J. Carey, “Accelerated carbonation treatment of industrial wastes,” Waste Management, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 1081–1090, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. D. Poulikakos, C. Papadaskalopoulou, B. Hofko et al., “Harvesting the unexplored potential of European waste materials for road construction,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 116, pp. 32–44, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Jime´nez, J. Ayuso, and F. Agrela, “Use of mixed recycled aggregates with a low embodied energy from non-selected CDW in unpaved rural roads,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 34, pp. 34–43, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. M. Brooks and M. Cetin, “Application of construction demolition waste for improving performance of subgrade and subbase layers,” International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences, vol. 12, no. 3, p. 375, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  26. T. Bennert, W. Papp, A. Maher, and N. Gucunski, “Utilization of construction and demolition debris under traffic-type loading in base and subbase applications,” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, vol. 1714, pp. 33–39, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. A. C. Garrabrants, F. Sanchez, and D. S. Kosson, “Changes in constituent equilibrium leaching and pore water characteristics of a portland cement mortar as a result of carbonation,” Waste Management, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 19–36, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. V. B. Krishna, K. Chandrasekaran, S. Chakravarthy, and D. Karunasagar, “An integrated approach based on oxidative pyrolysis and microwave-assisted digestion for the multi-elemental analysis of coal samples by ICP-based techniques,” Fuel, vol. 158, pp. 770–778, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Q. Tang, X. W. Tang, Z. Z. Li, Y. M. Chen, N. Y. Kou, and Z. F. Sun, “Adsorption and desorption behaviour of Pb(II) on a natural kaolin: equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies,” Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, vol. 84, no. 9, pp. 1371–1380, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. Q. Tang, X. W. Tang, Z. Z. Li et al., “Zn(II) removal with activated firmiana simplex leaf: kinetics and equilibrium studies,” Journal of Environmental Engineering, vol. 138, no. 2, pp. 190–199, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. Q. Tang, T. Katsumi, T. Inui, and Z. Z. Li, “Influence of pH on the membrane behavior of bentonite amended Fukakusa clay,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 141, pp. 132–142, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. Q. Tang, W. Liu, H. Y. Wang, R. Cheng, and Y. F. Qian, “Membrane behavior of bentonite-amended Fukakusa clay under K, Na and Ca solutions,” Journal of Central South University, vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 3122–3131, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. L. Pu and C. Unluer, “Investigation of carbonation depth and its influence on the performance and microstructure of MgO cement and PC mixes,” Construction & Building Materials, vol. 120, pp. 349–363, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. Q. Tang, LL. Pan, Y. F. Gao et al., “Study on strength and environmental behaviors of solidified fly ash under carbonation effect,” Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 2017, http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/32.1124.TU.20171029.1321.004.html. View at Google Scholar
  35. Rilem, “Measurement of hardened concrete carbonation depth,” Materials and Structures, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 453–455, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  36. X. Zha, H. Wang, P. Xie, C. Wang, P. Dangla, and J. Ye, “Leaching resistance of hazardous waste cement solidification after accelerated carbonation,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 72, pp. 125–132, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. L. Hu, J. Hao, and L. Wang, “Laboratory evaluation of cement treated aggregate containing crushed clay brick,” Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 371–382, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. F. Gu, H. Sahin, X. Luo, R. Luo, and R. L. Lytton, “Estimation of resilient modulus of unbound aggregates using performance-related base course properties,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 27, no. 6, p. 04014188, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. F. Gu, Y. Zhang, C. V. Droddy, R. Luo, and R. L. Lytton, “Development of a new mechanistic empirical rutting model for unbound granular material,” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 28, no. 8, p. 04016051, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. F. Gu, Y. Zhang, X. Luo, H. Sahin, and R. L. Lytton, “Characterization and prediction of permanent deformation properties of unbound granular materials for pavement ME design,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 155, pp. 584–592, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  41. F. Gu, X. Luo, R. C. West, A. J. Taylor, and N. D. Moore, “Energy-based crack initiation model for load-related top-down cracking in asphalt pavement,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 159, pp. 587–597, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. F. Gu, X. Luo, Y. Zhang, and R. L. Lytton, “Using overlay test to evaluate fracture properties of field-aged asphalt concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 101, pp. 1059–1068, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. X. Luo, F. Gu, and R. L. Lytton, “Mechanistic composition-specific fatigue life of asphalt pavements,” Journal of Engineering Mechanics, vol. 143, no. 12, p. 04017136, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  44. F. Gu, X. Luo, Y. Zhang, R. L. Lytton, and H. Sahin, “Modeling of unsaturated granular materials in flexible pavements,” E3S Web of Conferences, vol. 9, p. 20002, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. F. Gu, X. Luo, R. Luo, R. L. Lytton, E. Y. Hajj, and R. V. Siddharthan, “Numerical modeling of geogrid-reinforced flexible pavement and corresponding validation using large-scale tank test,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 122, pp. 214–230, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. K. Himeno, T. Kamijima, T. Ikeda, and T. Abe, “Distribution of tire contact pressure of vehicles and its influence on pavement distress,” in Proceedings of Eighth International Conference on Asphalt Pavements, Seattle, WA, USA, 1997.
  47. M. Terashi, H. Tanaka, T. Mitsumoto, Y. Niidome, and S. Homma, “Fundamentalproperties of lime and cement treated soils,” Report of the Port and Harbour Research Institute, vol. 22, pp. 69–96, 1980. View at Google Scholar
  48. Y. J. Du, M. L. Wei, F. Jin, and Z. B. Liu, “Stress–strain relation and strength characteristics of cement treated zinc-contaminated clay,” Engineering Geology, vol. 167, pp. 20–26, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. M. Yang and X. H. Zhao, “An approach for a single pile in layered soil,” Journal of Tongji University, vol. 20, pp. 421–427, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  50. X. N. Gong, Foundation Treatment Manual, China Architecture and Building Press, Beijing, China, 3rd edition, 2008.
  51. Y. J. Du, M. L. Wei, K. R. Reddy, F. Jin, H. L. Wu, and Z. B. Liu, “New phosphate-based binder for stabilization of soils contaminated with heavy metals: leaching, strength and microstructure characterization,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 146, pp. 179–188, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. S. Mignardi, A. Corami, and V. Ferrini, “Evaluation of the effectiveness of phosphate treatment for the remediation of mine waste soils contaminated with Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn,” Chemosphere, vol. 86, no. 4, pp. 354–360, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. A. Navarro, E. Cardellach, and M. Corbella, “Immobilization of Cu, Pb and Zn in mine-contaminated soils using reactive materials,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 186, no. 2-3, pp. 1576–1585, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. P. Desogus, P. P. Manca, G. Orru, and A. Zucca, “Stabilization-solidification treatment of mine tailings using Portland cement, potassium dihydrogen phosphate and ferric chloride hexahydrate,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 45, pp. 47–54, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. Y. J. Du, M. L. Wei, K. R. Reddy, and H. L. Wu, “Effect of carbonation on leachability, strength and microstructural characteristics of KMP binder stabilized Zn and Pb contaminated soils,” Chemosphere, vol. 144, pp. 1033–1042, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. S. Bin Shafique, J. Walton, N. Gutierrez, R. Smith, and A. Tarquin, “Influence of carbonation on leaching of cementitious waste forms,” Journal of Environmental Engineering, vol. 124, no. 5, pp. 463–467, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  57. C. Gervais, A. Garrabrants, F. Sanchez, and R. Barna, “The effects of carbonation and drying during intermittent leaching on the release of inorganic constituents from a cement-based matrix,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 119–131, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. M. F. Bertos, S. J. R. Simons, C. D. Hills, and P. J. Carey, “A review of accelerated carbonation technology in the treatment of cement-based materials and sequestration of CO2,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 193–205, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. Q. Tang, J. M. Chu, Y. Wang, T. Zhou, and Y. Liu, “Characteristics and factors influencing Pb(II) desorption from a Chinese clay by citric acid,” Separation Science and Technology, vol. 51, no. 17, pp. 2734–2743, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. Q. Tang, T. Zhou, F. Gu, Y. Wang, and J. M. Chu, “Removal of Cd(II) and Pb(II) from soil through desorption using citric acid: kinetic and equilibrium studies,” Journal of Central South University, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 1941–1952, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  61. Q. Tang, H. Y. Wang, X. W. Tang, and Y. Wang, “Removal of aqueous Ni(II) with carbonized leaf powder: kinetic and equilibrium studies,” Journal of Central South University, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 778–786, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus