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Anemia
Volume 2011, Article ID 381812, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/381812
Research Article

Maternal Anemia in Rural Jordan: Room for Improvement

1Deprtment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. B 630017, Irbid 22110, Jordan
2Department of Public Health, Community Medicine, and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. B 630017, Irbid 22110, Jordan

Received 13 April 2011; Accepted 18 June 2011

Academic Editor: Donald S. Silverberg

Copyright © 2011 Lama Al-Mehaisen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to estimate the prevalence and determine factors associated with anemia among pregnant women in rural Jordan. A cohort of 700 pregnant women from a National Health Service hospital and ten health centers completed a questionnaire. Of the total, 243 (34.7%) had anemia. The prevalence was the highest for women in their 3rd trimester (42.5%) compared to those in 2nd trimester (32.7%) and 1st trimester (18.9%). Gestational age, body mass index, history of previous surgery, and multivitamin intake during pregnancy were significantly associated with anemia. Women in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters had higher odds of anemia ( O R = 2 . 2 and 3.3, resp.). Underweight women had higher odds of anemia ( O R = 2 . 9 ). History of previous surgery and multivitamin intake during pregnancy were associated with higher odds of anemia ( O R = 1 . 6 and 1.9, resp.).