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Anemia
Volume 2013, Article ID 502968, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/502968
Research Article

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Anemia among Children 6–59 Months Old in Haiti

1UNICEF Country Office, 125 Rue Faubert, Petionville, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
2Saint Boniface Foundation, 12 Rue E. Guello, Fond des Blancs, Haiti

Received 3 December 2012; Revised 2 February 2013; Accepted 17 February 2013

Academic Editor: Eitan Fibach

Copyright © 2013 Mohamed Ag Ayoya et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Anemia has serious consequences on child growth, development, and survival. This study was conducted in Fond des Blancs and Villa, Haiti, to assess the prevalence of childhood anemia and its risk factors in order to inform program design. Children 6–59 months old ( ) were selected using a cross-sectional multistage sampling methodology. Hemoglobin was measured using the HemoCue technique. Descriptive and multivariate analyses were performed to determine prevalence and factors associated with anemia. The prevalence of childhood anemia was 38.8% (23.9% mild, 14.7% moderate, and 0.2% severe). Mean hemoglobin was  g/dL. Variables associated with child anemia were age less than 24 months ( ; ), stunting ( ; ), and mother’s low hemoglobin level ( ; ). Anemia among young children in Fond des Blancs and Villa is a public health problem. Predictors of child anemia in this region include child’s age, stunting, and mother’s anemia. Interventions and strategies aimed at addressing effectively anemia in this population must therefore target mothers and children under two years of age.