Anemia

Anemia / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Prevalence, Severity, and Determinant Factors of Anemia among Pregnant Women in South Sudanese Refugees, Pugnido, Western Ethiopia

Table 1

Sociodemographic, obstetric, nutrition, and clinical characteristics of refugee pregnant women attending ANC clinic at Pugnido ARRA Health Center, Gambela, western Ethiopia, April 15–June 30/2015.

VariablesFreq. (%)

Age in years
 16–20107 (29.7)
 21–2590 (25.0)
 26–3090 (25.0)
 31–3541 (11.4)
 ≥3632 (8.9)
Ethnicity
 Agnuwa130 (36.1)
 Nuer230 (63.9)
Occupation
 Students85 (23.6)
 Housewife133 (36.9)
 Employed29 (8.1)
 No specified job113 (31.4)
Income availability
 Yes73 (20.3)
 No287 (79.7)
Educational status
 Illiterate113 (31.4)
 Literate247 (68.6)
Marital status
 Married288 (80.0)
 Unmarried32 (20.0)
Duration of stay in refugee camp
 <18 months148 (41.1)
 ≥18 months212 (58.9)
Trimester
 First34 (9.5)
 Second165 (45.8)
 Third161 (44.7)
Gravidity
 Primigravidae78 (21.7)
 Multigravidae282 (78.3)
Parity
 Nulliparous91 (25.3)
 Primiparae31 (8.6)
 Multipara238 (66.1)
Birth interval in months
 ≤24115 (48.3)
 >24123 (51.7)
Blood loss
 Yes51 (14.2)
 No309 (85.8)
Prolonged menstruation
 Yes41 (11.4)
 No319 (88.6)
History of abortion
 Yes64 (22.7)
 No218 (77.3)
Freq. of meat eating per week
 At most once192 (53.3)
 More than once168 (46.7)
Freq. of vegetable eating per week
 At most once141 (39.2)
 More than once219 (60.8)
Freq. of fruit eating per week
 At most once234 (65.0)
 More than once126 (35.0)
Staple food
 Fish44 (12.2)
 Porridge249 (69.2)
 Injera60 (16.7)
 Other††7 (1.9)
Freq. of drinking tea immediately after meal per day
 At least once122 (33.9)
 Less than once238 (66.1)
Freq. of drinking coffee immediately after meal per day
 At least once95 (26.4)
 Less than once265 (73.6)
MUAC
 <21 cm68 (18.9)
 ≥21 cm292 (81.1)
Number of ANC visits for current pregnancy
 1276 (76.7)
 ≥284 (23.3)
Taken iron/folate supplement†††
 Yes69 (19.2)
 No291 (80.8)
Place of previous delivery
 Health institution123 (45.7)
 Home146 (54.3)
ANC follow-up in previous pregnancy
 Yes119 (44.2)
 No150 (55.8)
History of malaria infection
 Yes215 (59.7)
 No145 (40.3)
Positive for current malaria infection
 Yes57 (15.8)
 No303 (84.2)
Positive for intestinal parasite infestation
 Yes95 (26.4)
 No265 (73.6)

source of personal income other than aid or donation; , divorced, and widowed; (hemorrhage) during index pregnancy; of prolonged menstruating for longer than 7 days; Freq.: frequency; using bread and packed food as their staple food; iron/folate supplement during the index pregnancy; MUAC: mid-upper arm circumference; ANC: antenatal care.

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