Anemia

Anemia / 2016 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Prevalence, Severity, and Determinant Factors of Anemia among Pregnant Women in South Sudanese Refugees, Pugnido, Western Ethiopia

Table 2

Sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics of the refugee pregnant women attending ANC clinic at Pugnido ARRA Health Center in Gambela, Western Ethiopia, April 15–June 30/2015.

VariablesAnemiaCOR (95% CI) value
Yes: (%)No: (%)

Age in years
 16–2037 (34.6%)70 (65.4%)1.89 (0.85–4.20)
 21–2535 (38.9%)55 (61.1%)1.57 (0.69–3.54)0.275
 26–3028 (31.1%)62 (68.9%)2.21 (0.64–5.05)
 31–3514 (34.1%)27 (65.9%)1.93 (0.74–4.97)
 ≥3616 (50.0%)16 (50.0%)1
Ethnicity
 Agnuwa48 (36.9%)82 (63.1%)0.95 (0.60–1.48)0.809
 Nuer82 (35.6%)148 (64.4%)1
Occupation
 Students26 (30.6%)59 (69.4%)0.82 (0.31–1.59)0.395
 Housewife51 (38.3%)82 (61.7%)1.31 (0.56–1.58)0.818
 Employed11 (37.9%)18 (62.1%)1.20 (0.72–2.33)0.393
 No specified job42 (37.2%)71 (62.8%)1
Income availability
 Yes32 (43.8%)41 (56.2%)1
 No98 (34.1%)189 (65.9%)0.66 (0.39–1.12)0.225
Educational status
 Illiterate53 (46.9%)60 (53.1%)1.95 (1.23–3.08)
 Literate77 (31.2%)170 (68.8%)1
Marital status
 Married103 (35.8%)185 (64.2%)1
 Unmarried27 (37.5%)45 (62.5%)0.93 (0.54–1.58)0.784
Duration of stay in refugee camp
 <18 months65 (43.9%)83 (56.1%)1.77 (1.14–2.74)
 ≥18 months65 (30.7%)147 (69.3%)1
Trimester
 First6 (17.6%)28 (82.4%)1
 Second46 (27.9%)119 (72.1%)2.43 (1.53–3.85)
 Third78 (48.4%)83 (51.6%)4.38 (1.72–11.16)<0.00
Gravidity
 Primigravidae23 (29.1%)55 (70.5%)1
 Multigravidae107 (37.9%)175 (62.1%)1.46 (0.85–2.51)
Parity
 Nulliparous30 (33.0%)61 (67.0%)1
 Primiparae12 (38.7%)19 (61.3%)0.78 (0.33–1.81)0.562
 Multipara88 (37.0%)150 (63.0%)0.84 (0.50–1.39)0.498
Birth interval in months
 ≤2445 (39.1%)70 (60.9%)1.19 (0.70–2.02)0.506
 >2443 (35.0%)80 (65.0%)1
Blood loss
 Yes21 (41.2%)30 (58.8%)1.28 (0.70–2.35)0.417
 No109 (35.3%)200 (64.7%)1
Prolonged menstruation††
 Yes19 (46.3%)22 (53.7%)1.62 (0.84–3.12)
 No111 (34.8%)208 (65.2%)1
History of abortion
 Yes31 (48.4%)33 (51.6%)1.87 (1.08–3.23)
 No99 (45.4%)119 (54.6%)1

COR: crude odds ratio, CI: confidence interval, , candidates for multivariate logistic regression analysis, 1: reference group, source of personal income other than aid or donation, , divorced, and widowed, (hemorrhage) during index pregnancy, and of prolonged menstruating for longer than 7 days.

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