Table 1: Socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant mother attending ANC in public health facilities of Durame Town, February to May 2017.

VariableCategoriesCases (n=111)Controls (n=222)
N= ()N= ()

Age 15 – 198 (7.2)9 (4.1)
20 – 2441 (37)67 (30.2)
25 – 2935 (31.5)92 (41.4)
30 – 3523 (20.7)44 (19.8)
>354 (3.6)10 (4.5)

Residence Urban69 (62.2)138 (62.2)
Rural42 (37.8)84 (37.8)

EthnicityKembata92 (82.9)175 (78.8)
Tembaro5 (4.5)21 (9.5)
Hadiya9 (8.1)25 (11.3)
Other5 (4.5)1 (10.5)

Religion Protestant101 (91)176 (79.3)
Catholic6 (5.4)23 (10.4)
Orthodox2 (1.8)15 (6.8)
Others2 (1.8)8 (3.6)

Maternal educational levelHave no formal education37 (33.3)45 (20.3)
Primary40 (36.0)107 (48.2)
Secondary and above34 (30.6)70 (310.5)

Husband education levelHave no formal education32 (28.8)25 (11.3)
Primary44 (39.6)108 (48.6)
Secondary and above35 (31.6)89 (40.1)

Occupational status House wife35 (31.5)89 (40.1)
Merchant25 (22.5)80 (36)
Employed38 (34.2)45 (20.3)
Other13 (11.7)8 (3.6)

others, Amhara, Silt, Halba, sidama, Adventist, Muslim, Farmer, Day laborer.