Table 5: Determinants of anemia among pregnant mothers attending ANC in public health facilities of Durame Town, February to May 2017.

VariableCases ControlsCOR (95CI)AOR (95 CI)P – value

Birth interval

≤ 2 year53 (47.7)31 (14)6.4 (3.6-11.6)4.77 (2.68-9.64)0.01

>2 year33 (29.7)125 (56.3)11

Previous heavy menstrual flow

Yes38 (34.2)27 (12.2)3.76 (2.14 -6.6)2.62 (1.18,5.84)0.01

No73 (65.8)195 (87.8)11

Occupational status of women

House wife94 (84.7)130 (58.6)3.9 (2.2-6.99)2.5 (1.01– 5.56)0.04

Has work17 (15.3)92 (41.4)1 1

Additional food during pregnancy

Yes23 (20.7)202 (91)11

No88 (79.3)20 (9)2.88 (1.8 - 4.6)2.5 (1.22-5.08 )0.01

Meat consumption per week

Don’t eat72 (64.9)77 (34.7)4.0 (2.47-6.59)2.1 (1.1 – 4.15)0.04

Eat one days per week39 (35.1)145 (65.3)11

Tea/coffee consumption immediately after food

Don’t drink28 (25.2)112 (50.5)11

Drink83 (74.8)110 (49.5)3.02 (1.83 - 5)3.6 (1.72 - 7.41)0.01

Parasitic infection

Yes49 (44.1)35 (15.8)4.223 (2.5-7.1)3.7 (1.7- 7.85)0.01

No62 (55.9)187 (84.2)11

AOR = adjusted odd ratio; CI = confidence interval; COR = crude odd ratio; = statistically significant.