Table of Contents
Advances in Nursing
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 174960, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/174960
Review Article

Community Based HIV Prevention Intervention in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review

1School of Nursing, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 4K1
2Daphne Cockwell School of Nursing, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada M5B 2K3

Received 7 May 2014; Revised 29 July 2014; Accepted 22 August 2014; Published 23 September 2014

Academic Editor: Julee B. Waldrop

Copyright © 2014 Sarah Ibrahim and Souraya Sidani. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. To describe the features and examine effects of community based HIV prevention interventions implemented in developing countries on HIV-related knowledge and self-reported risk behavior. Background. The HIV epidemic has a significant impact on developing countries, increasing the prevalence of HIV among young persons. Community-based HIV prevention interventions have been designed to improve HIV-related knowledge and decrease engagement in risk behavior. Variations in the design and implementation of these interventions have been reported, which may influence their effectiveness. Design. Systematic review. Method. Data were extracted on the characteristics of the study and interventions and effects of the interventions on knowledge and self-report of risk behavior. Results. In total, 10 studies were included in the review. Overall, the results showed variability in theoretical underpinning, dose, and mode of delivery of the interventions. Multicomponent interventions that used mixed teaching methods produced beneficial effects on knowledge and self-reported risk behavior. Conclusion. Examining the characteristics of HIV-prevention interventions provides direction for researchers in developing efficient interventions to improve knowledge and reduce engagement in self-reported risk behavior and, in turn, decrease transmission of HIV.