Table of Contents
Advances in Nursing
Volume 2014, Article ID 704232, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/704232
Research Article

Assessing the Effectiveness of an Educational Program on Compliance with Hand Hygiene in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

1Pediatric ICU, “P. and A. Kyriakou” General Children’s Hospital of Athens, 12 Ekbatanon Street, 157-72 Athens, Greece
2Faculty of Nursing, University of Athens, 123 Papadiamadopoulou Street, 115-27 Athens, Greece
3Pediatric Unit, “P. and A. Kyriakou” General Children’s Hospital of Athens, 12 Ekbatanon Street, 157-72 Athens, Greece
4Medical School, University of Ioannina, 44 Kabbatha Street, 157-71 Athens, Greece
5“P. and A. Kyriakou” General Children’s Hospital of Athens, 3 Thibon and Lebadias Street, 115-27 Athens, Greece
6Pediatric Nursing, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 123 Papadiamadopoulou Street, 115-27 Athens, Greece

Received 28 April 2014; Revised 22 June 2014; Accepted 9 July 2014; Published 22 July 2014

Academic Editor: Allyson Lipp

Copyright © 2014 Charalampia Nteli et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To identify the impact of an educational intervention on compliance of health professionals with hand hygiene. Method. The survey involved nurses, doctors, and physiotherapists who work in pediatric intensive care unit of a pediatric hospital. A multifaceted hand hygiene educational program was introduced with compliance assessed during successive observational surveys. Results. The total healthcare professionals’ compliance increased from 31.8% in the baseline period to 51.5% immediately after the first educational intervention, and it remained at improved levels (45.9%) six months later, while after the completion of the second educational intervention it increased to 67.7%. The nurses’ and doctors’ compliance increased from 30.4% and 28.3% at baseline period to 71.5% and 60.2%, respectively, during the study phases. Finally, physiotherapists’ compliance increased from 37.5% at baseline period to 73.9% after the completion of the second educational intervention. Conclusion. The degree of the staff’s compliance with hand hygiene in the pediatric intensive care unit after the educational program increased substantially. The continuing education and training of health professionals contribute to increasing the degree of compliance with the international recommendations for hand hygiene.