Table of Contents
Advances in Optics
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 572084, 28 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/572084
Review Article

From Single Atoms to Engineered “Super-Atoms”: Interfacing Photons and Atoms in Free Space

1Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Aarhus, Nordre Ringgade 1, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
2Langkær IB World School, Kileparken 25, 8381 Tilst, Denmark

Received 22 April 2014; Accepted 24 July 2014; Published 8 October 2014

Academic Editor: Kim Fook Lee

Copyright © 2014 Yevhen Miroshnychenko. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

During the last decades the development of laser cooling and trapping has revolutionized the field of quantum optics. Now we master techniques to control the quantum properties of atoms and light, even at a single atom and single photon level. Understanding and controlling interactions of atoms and light both on the microscopic single particle and on the macroscopic collective levels, are two of the very active directions of the current research in this field. The goal is to engineer quantum systems with tailored properties designed for specific applications. One of the ambitious applications on this way is interfacing quantum information for quantum communication and quantum computing. We summarize here theoretical ideas and experimental methods for interfacing atom-based quantum memories with single flying photons.