Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in OptoElectronics
Volume 2019, Article ID 2719808, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/2719808
Research Article

1D Confocal Broad Area Semiconductor Lasers (Confocal BALs) for Fundamental Transverse Mode Selection (TMS#0)

Integrated Optoelectronics and Microoptics Research Group, Physics Department, Technische Universität Kaiserslautern (TUK), P.O. Box 3049, D-67653 Kaiserslautern, Germany

Correspondence should be addressed to Henning Fouckhardt; ed.lk-inu.kisyhp@rahkcuof

Received 11 March 2019; Accepted 16 April 2019; Published 17 June 2019

Academic Editor: Vasily Spirin

Copyright © 2019 Henning Fouckhardt et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. Shigihara, Y. Nagai, S. Kakimoto, and K. Ikeda, “Achieving broad-area laser diodes with high output power and single-lobed far-field patterns in the lateral direction by loading a modal reflector,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 1683–1690, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. P. Hohimer, G. R. Hadley, and A. Owyoung, “Mode control in broad-area diode lasers by thermally induced lateral index tailoring,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 260–262, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. Wenzel, P. Crump, J. Fricke, P. Ressel, and G. Erbert, “Suppression of higher-order lateral modes in broad-area diode lasers by resonant anti-guiding,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol. 49, no. 12, pp. 1102–1108, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. P. Leidner and J. R. Marciante, “Beam quality improvement in broad-area semiconductor lasers via evanescent spatial filtering,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 1269–1274, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Winterfeldt, P. Crump, S. Knigge, A. Maaßdorf, U. Zeimer, and G. Erbert, “High beam quality in broad area lasers via suppression of lateral carrier accumulation,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 27, no. 17, pp. 1809–1812, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Rong, E. Xing, Y. Zhang et al., “Low lateral divergence 2 µm InGaSb/AlGaAsSb broad-area quantum well lasers,” Optics Express, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 7246–7252, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. Zink, M. Niebuhr, A. Jechow, A. Heuer, and R. Menzel, “Broad area diode laser with on-chip transverse Bragg grating stabilized in an off-axis external cavity,” Optics Express, vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 14108–14113, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Niebuhr, C. Zink, A. Jechow, A. Heuer, L. B. Glebov, and R. Menzel, “Mode stabilization of a laterally structured broad area diode laser using an external volume Bragg grating,” Optics Express, vol. 23, no. 9, pp. 12394–12400, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. Simmendinger, D. Preißer, and O. Hess, “Stabilization of chaotic spatiotemporal filamentation in large broad area lasers by spatially structured optical feedback,” Optics Express, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 48–54, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. N. McCarthy, S. Mailhot, and Y. Champagne, “Single-mode operation of a broad-area semiconductor laser with an anamorphic external cavity: Experimental and numerical results,” Applied Optics, vol. 39, no. 7–36, pp. 6806–6813, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Wolff and H. Fouckhardt, “Intracavity stabilization of broad area lasers by structured delayed optical feedback,” Optics Express, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 222–227, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. V. Raab and R. Menzel, “External resonator design for high-power laser diodes that yields 400 mW of TEM00 power,” Optics Express, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 167–169, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Control of the spatiotemporal emission of a broad-area semiconductor laser by spatially filtered feedback,” Optics Express, vol. 28, no. 13, pp. 1135–1137, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Wolff, A. Rodionov, V. E. Sherstobitov, and H. Fouckhardt, “Fourier-optical transverse mode selection in external-cavity broad-area lasers: experimental and numerical results,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 448–458, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. Heil, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, “Coexistence of low-frequency fluctuations and stable emission on a single high-gain mode in semiconductor lasers with external optical feedback,” Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. R2672–R2675, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. F. Rogister, P. Mégret, O. Deparis, and M. Blondel, “Coexistence of in-phase and out-of-phase dynamics in a multimode external-cavity laser diode operating in the low-frequency fluctuations regime,” Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, vol. 62, no. 6, Article ID 061803, 4 pages, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. M. Buldú, J. García-Ojalvo, and M. C. Torrent, “Delay-induced resonances in an optical system with feedback,” Physical Review E: Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, vol. 69, no. 4, Article ID 046207, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, “Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of a broad-area semiconductor laser in an external cavity: Stabilization and feedback-induced instabilities,” Optics Communications, vol. 244, no. 1–6, pp. 355–365, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Wolff, C. Doering, A. Rodionov, V. E. Sherstobitov, and H. Fouckhardt, “Self-pulsation in broad area lasers with transverse-mode selective feedback,” Optics Communications, vol. 265, no. 2, pp. 642–648, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. Hoffmann, K. Huthmacher, C. Döring, and H. Fouckhardt, “Broad area lasers with monolithically integrated transverse mode selector,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 96, no. 18, Article ID 181104, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. Hoffmann, K. Huthmacher, C. Doering, and H. Fouckhardt, “Broad area lasers with folded-resonator geometry for integrated transverse mode selection,” in Proceedings of the Novel In-Plane Semiconductor Lasers X, A. A. Belyanin and P. M. Smowton, Eds., vol. 7953, SPIE Photonics West, San Francisco, Calif, USA, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. K.-H. Hasler, B. Sumpf, P. Adamiec et al., “5-W DBR tapered lasers emitting at 1060 nm with a narrow spectral linewidth and a nearly diffraction-limited beam quality,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 20, no. 19, pp. 1648–1650, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. Fiebig, G. Blume, C. Kaspari et al., “12 W high-brightness single-frequency DBR tapered diode laser,” IEEE Electronics Letters, vol. 44, no. 21, pp. 1253–1255, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Spreemann, M. Lichtner, M. Radziunas, U. Bandelow, and H. Wenzel, “Measurement and simulation of distributed-feedback tapered master-oscillator power amplifiers,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 609–616, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. I. Sergachev, R. Maulini, A. Bismuto, S. Blaser, T. Gresch, and A. Muller, “Gain-guided broad area quantum cascade lasers emitting 23.5 W peak power at room temperature,” Optics Express, vol. 24, no. 17, pp. 19063–19071, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. Fouckhardt, A.-K. Kleinschmidt, J. Strassner, and C. Doering, “Fundamental transverse mode selection (TMS#0) of broad area semiconductor lasers with integrated twice-retracted 4f set-up and film-waveguide lens,” Advances in OptoElectronics, vol. 2017, Article ID 5283850, 6 pages, 2017. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. Salzman, R. Lang, A. Larson, and A. Yariv, “Confocal unstable-resonator semiconductor laser,” Optics Expresss, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 507–509, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A.-K. Kleinschmidt, “Resonatorinterne Transversalmodenselektion bei Antimonid-Breitstreifenlasern”, (“Resonator-Internal Transverse Mode Selection of Antimonide Broad Area Lasers,”) [Ph.D. thesis], Physics Department of the Technische Universität Kaiserslautern (TUK), Verlag Dr. Hut, Germany, 2017.