Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Orthopedics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 160923, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/160923
Review Article

Glenohumeral Joint Preservation: A Review of Management Options for Young, Active Patients with Osteoarthritis

The Steadman Clinic, Steadman Philippon Research Institute, 181 West Meadow Drive, Suite 400, Vail, CO 81657, USA

Received 3 February 2011; Revised 22 January 2012; Accepted 24 January 2012

Academic Editor: Allen L. Carl

Copyright © 2012 Olivier A. van der Meijden et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. M. Hootman, M. W. Brault, C. G. Helmick, K. A. Theis, and B. S. Armour, “Prevalence and most common causes of disability among adults—United States, 2005,” MMWR: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 58, no. 16, pp. 421–426, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  2. Y. J. Cheng, J. M. Hootman, L. B. Murphy, G. A. Langmaid, and C. G. Helmick, “Prevalence of doctor-diagnosed arthritis and arthritis-attributable activity limitation—United States 2007–2009,” MMWR: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 59, no. 39, pp. 1261–1265, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  3. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Burden of Musculoskeletal Diseases in the United States: Prevalence, Societal and Economic Cost, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, Ill, USA, 2008.
  4. R. Izquierdo, I. Voloshin, S. Edwards et al., “Treatment of glenohumeral osteoarthritis,” Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 375–382, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. M. Orfaly, C. A. Rockwood Jr., C. Z. Esenyel, and M. A. Wirth, “A prospective functional outcome study of shoulder arthroplasty for osteoarthritis with an intact rotator cuff,” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 214–221, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. P. Raiss, P. R. Aldinger, P. Kasten, M. Rickert, and M. Loew, “Total shoulder replacement in young and middle-aged patients with glenohumeral osteoarthritis,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery B, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 764–769, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. P. Iannotti and T. R. Norris, “Influence of preoperative factors on outcome of shoulder arthroplasty for glenohumeral osteoarthritis,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 251–258, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. G. M. Gartsman, T. S. Roddey, and S. M. Hammerman, “Shoulder arthroplasty with or without resurfacing of the glenoid in patients who have osteoarthritis,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 26–34, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. S. Boorman, B. Kopjar, E. Fehringer, R. S. Churchill, K. Smith, and F. A. Matsen III, “The effect of total shoulder arthroplasty on self-assessed health status is comparable to that of total hip arthroplasty and coronary artery bypass grafting,” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 158–163, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. V. Fehringer, B. Kopjar, R. S. Boorman, R. S. Churchill, K. L. Smith, and F. A. Matsen III, “Characterizing the functional improvement after total shoulder arthroplasty for osteoarthritis,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 84, no. 8, pp. 1349–1353, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. A. Wirth, R. S. Tapscott, C. Southworth, and C. A. Rockwood Jr., “Treatment of glenohumeral arthritis with a hemiarthroplasty: a minimum five-year follow-up outcome study,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 88, no. 5, pp. 964–973, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K. J. Boselli, C. S. Ahmad, and W. N. Levine, “Treatment of glenohumeral arthrosis,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 38, no. 12, pp. 2558–2572, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. W. Sperling, S. A. Antuna, J. Sanchez-Sotelo, C. Schleck, and R. H. Cofield, “Shoulder arthroplasty for arthritis after instability surgery,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 84, no. 10, pp. 1775–1781, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. S. Van Thiel, S. Sheehan, R. M. Frank et al., “Retrospective analysis of arthroscopic management of glenohumeral degenerative disease,” Arthroscopy, vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 1451–1455, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. P. Richards and S. S. Burkhart, “Arthroscopic debridement and capsular release for glenohumeral osteoarthritis,” Arthroscopy, vol. 23, no. 9, pp. 1019–1022, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. B. J. Kerr and E. C. McCarty, “Outcome of arthroscopic debridement is worse for patients with glenohumeral arthritis of both sides of the joint,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 466, no. 3, pp. 634–638, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. J. Millett, B. H. Huffard, M. P. Horan, R. J. Hawkins, and J. R. Steadman, “Outcomes of full-thickness articular cartilage injuries of the shoulder treated with microfracture,” Arthroscopy, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 856–863, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. M. Frank, G. S. Van Thiel, M. A. Slabaugh, A. A. Romeo, B. J. Cole, and N. N. Verma, “Clinical outcomes after microfracture of the glenohumeral joint,” The American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 772–781, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Siebold, S. Lichtenberg, and P. Habermeyer, “Combination of microfracture and periostal-flap for the treatment of focal full thickness articular cartilage lesions of the shoulder: a prospective study,” Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 183–189, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. Scheibel, C. Bartl, P. Magosch, S. Lichtenberg, and P. Habermeyer, “Osteochondral autologous transplantation for the treatment of full-thickness articular cartilage defects of the shoulder,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery B, vol. 86, no. 7, pp. 991–997, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. A. Romeo, B. J. Cole, A. D. Mazzocca, J. A. Fox, K. B. Freeman, and E. Joy, “Autologous chondrocyte repair of an articular defect in the humeral head,” Arthroscopy, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 925–929, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. P. J. Millett, M. P. Horan, and F. Elser, “Comprehensive arthroscopic management (CAM) of shoulder osteoarthritis in young active patients,” in Proceedings of the 29th Annual Meeting (AANA '10), Hollywood, Fla, USA, May 2010.
  23. J. A. Fox, B. J. Cole, A. A. Romeo et al., “Articular cartilage thickness of the humeral head: an anatomic study,” Orthopedics, vol. 31, no. 3, p. 216, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. L. J. Soslowsky, E. L. Flatow, L. U. Bigliani, and V. C. Mow, “Articular geometry of the glenohumeral joint,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 285, pp. 181–190, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. L. P. McCarty III and B. J. Cole, “Nonarthroplasty treatment of glenohumeral cartilage lesions,” Arthroscopy, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1131–1142, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. N. P. Cohen, R. J. Foster, and V. C. Mow, “Composition and dynamics of articular cartilage: structure, function, and maintaining healthy state,” Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 203–215, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. E. Outerbridge, “The etiology of chondromalacia patellae,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 752–757, 1961. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. Brittberg and C. S. Winalski, “Evaluation of cartilage injuries and repair,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 58–69, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. H. Ellman, E. Harris, and S. P. Kay, “Early degenerative joint disease simulating impingement syndrome: arthroscopic findings,” Arthroscopy, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 482–487, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. G. M. Gartsman and E. Taverna, “The incidence of glenohumeral joint abnormalities associated with full- thickness, reparable rotator cuff tears,” Arthroscopy, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 450–455, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. K. J. Paley, F. W. Jobe, M. M. Pink, R. S. Kvitne, and N. S. ElAttrache, “Arthroscopic findings in the overhand throwing athlete: evidence for posterior internal impingement of the rotator cuff,” Arthroscopy, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 35–40, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. D. V. Guntern, C. W. A. Pfirrmann, M. R. Schmid et al., “Articular cartilage lesions of the glenohumeral joint: diagnostic effectiveness of MR arthrography and prevalence in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome,” Radiology, vol. 226, no. 1, pp. 165–170, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. F. Elser, S. Braun, C. B. Dewing, and P. J. Millett, “Glenohumeral joint preservation: current options for managing articular cartilage lesions in young, active patients,” Arthroscopy, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 685–696, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. W. Zhang, A. Jones, and M. Doherty, “Does paracetamol (acetaminophen) reduce the pain of osteoarthritis? A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials,” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 63, no. 8, pp. 901–907, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. T. Pincus, G. Koch, H. Lei et al., “Patient Preference for Placebo, Acetaminophen (paracetamol) or Celecoxib Efficacy Studies (PACES): two randomised, double blind, placedo controlled, crossover clinical trials in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis,” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 63, no. 8, pp. 931–939, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. E. Silverstein, R. Leger, and K. P. Shea, “The use of intra-articular hylan G-F 20 in the treatment of symptomatic osteoarthritis of the shoulder: a preliminary study,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 979–985, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. D. M. Weinstein, J. S. Bucchieri, R. G. Pollock, E. L. Flatow, and L. U. Bigliani, “Arthroscopic debridement of the shoulder for osteoarthritis,” Arthroscopy, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 471–476, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M. R. Price, E. D. Tillett, R. D. Acland, and G. S. Nettleton, “Determining the relationship of the axillary nerve to the shoulder joint capsule from an arthroscopic perspective,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 86, no. 10, pp. 2135–2142, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. C. M. Ball, T. Steger, L. M. Galatz, and K. Yamaguchi, “The posterior branch of the axillary nerve: an anatomic study,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 85, no. 8, pp. 1497–1501, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. P. J. Millett and T. R. Gaskill, “Arthroscopic management of glenohumeral arthrosis: humeral osteoplasty, capsular release, and arthroscopic axillary nerve release as a joint-preserving approach,” Arthroscopy, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 1296–1303, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  41. J. R. Steadman, W. G. Rodkey, S. B. Singleton, and K. K. Briggs, “Microfracture technique for full-thickness chondral defects: technique and clinical results,” Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 300–304, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. J. R. Steadman, K. K. Briggs, J. J. Rodrigo, M. S. Kocher, T. J. Gill, and W. G. Rodkey, “Outcomes of microfracture for traumatic chondral defects of the knee: average 11-year follow-up,” Arthroscopy, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 477–484, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. L. Hangody and P. Fules, “Autologous osteochondral mosaicplasty for the treatment of full-thickness defects of weight-bearing joints: ten years of experimental and clinical experience,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 85, supplement 2, no. 1, pp. 25–32, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. G. Bentley, L. C. Biant, R. W. J. Carrington et al., “A prospective, randomised comparison of autologous chondrocyte implantation versus mosaicplasty for osteochondral defects in the knee,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery B, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 223–230, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. L. Peterson, M. Brittberg, I. Kiviranta, E. L. Åkerlund, and A. Lindahl, “Autologous chondrocyte transplantation: biomechanics and long-term durability,” American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 2–12, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. A. E. Gross, W. Kim, F. Las Heras, D. Backstein, O. Safir, and K. P. H. Pritzker, “Fresh osteochondral allografts for posttraumatic knee defects: long-term followup,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 466, no. 8, pp. 1863–1870, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. A. G. P. McDermott, F. Langer, K. P. H. Pritzker, and A. E. Gross, “Fresh small-fragment osteochondral allografts. Long-term follow-up study on first 100 cases,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol. 197, pp. 96–102, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. M. T. Ghazavi, K. P. Pritzker, A. M. Davis, and A. E. Gross, “Fresh osteochondral allografts for post-traumatic osteochondral defects of the knee,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery B, vol. 79, no. 6, pp. 1008–1013, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. F. Chapovsky and J. D. Kelly IV, “Osteochondral allograft transplantation for treatment of glenohumeral instability,” Arthroscopy, vol. 21, no. 8, p. 1007, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. H. de Groot, D. Donati, M. D. di Liddo, E. Gozzi, and M. Mercuri, “The use of cement in osteoarticular allografts for proximal humeral bone tumors,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no. 427, pp. 190–197, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. S. G. Krishnan, R. J. Nowinski, D. Harrison, and W. Z. Burkhead, “Humeral hemiarthroplasty with biologic resurfacing of the glenoid for glenohumeral arthritis: two to fifteen-year outcomes,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 89, no. 4, pp. 727–734, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. G. P. Nicholson, J. L. Goldstein, A. A. Romeo et al., “Lateral meniscus allograft biologic glenoid arthroplasty in total shoulder arthroplasty for young shoulders with degenerative joint disease,” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. S261–S266, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. P. Huijsmans, C. Roberts, K. van Rooyen, D. F. du Toit, and J. F. de Beer, “The treatment of glenohumeral OA in the young and active patient with the Graft Jacket: preliminary results,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol. 87, supplement 3, p. 275, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  54. W. Z. Burkhead Jr. and K. S. Hutton, “Biologic resurfacing of the glenoid with hemiarthroplasty of the shoulder,” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 263–270, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. C. M. Ball, L. M. Galatz, and K. Yamaguchi, “Meniscal allograft interposition arthroplasty for the arthritic shoulder: description of a new surgical technique,” Techniques in Shoulder & Elbow Surgery, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 247–254, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  56. W. T. Pennington and B. A. Bartz, “Arthroscopic glenoid resurfacing with meniscal allograft: a minimally invasive alternative for treating glenohumeral arthritis,” Arthroscopy, vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 1517–1520, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. R. A. Creighton, B. J. Cole, G. P. Nicholson, A. A. Romeo, and E. P. Lorenz, “Effect of lateral meniscus allograft on shoulder articular contact areas and pressures,” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 367–372, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. B. Elhassan, M. Ozbaydar, D. Diller, L. D. Higgins, and J. J. P. Warner, “Soft-tissue resurfacing of the glenoid in the treatment of glenohumeral arthritis in active patients less than fifty years old,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery A, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 419–424, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. R. Gobezie, C. J. Lenarz, J. P. Wanner, and J. J. Streit, “All-arthroscopic biologic total shoulder resurfacing,” Arthroscopy, vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 1588–1593, 2011. View at Google Scholar